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NIH 1998 Almanac/The Organization/NCI/      

National Cancer Institute: Mission


NCIís overall mission is to conduct and support research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs with respect to the cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cancer and the continuing care of cancer patients and the families of cancer patients.

The National Cancer Program consists of 1) an expanded, intensified, and coordinated cancer research program encompassing the research programs conducted and supported by the institute, and the related research programs of the other national research institutes, including an expanded and intensified research program for the prevention of cancer caused by occupational or environmental exposure to carcinogens, and 2) the other programs and activities of the institute.

The National Cancer Institute also conducts control research for the prevention, detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer and for the rehabilitation and continuing care needs of patients respecting cancer. All cancer prevention and control activities focus on reducing cancer incidence, morbidity, and mortality through an orderly sequence of research on interventions and their impact in defined populations to the broad application of the research results through demonstration and education programs.

NCI also supports:

  • information and education programs to collect, identify, analyze and disseminate to cancer patients and their families, physicians and other health professionals, and the general public, information on cancer research, diagnosis, prevention and treatment (including nutrition programs for cancer patients and the relationship between nutrition and cancer).

  • national cancer research and demonstration centers which conduct basic and clinical research into, training in, and demonstration of advanced diagnostic prevention and treatment methods.

Other mission activities include:

  • Collaboration with voluntary organizations and other institutions and societies engaged in cancer research and cancer education activities. Encouraging and coordinating cancer research by industrial concerns showing particular capability for such research.

  • Support of cancer research outside the United States to benefit the American people, and training of American scientists abroad and foreign scientists in the U.S.

  • Operation of an International Cancer Research Data Bank to collect, catalog, store, and disseminate the results of cancer research undertaken in any country for the use of any person in cancer research worldwide.

  • Support for appropriate programs of education and training (including continuing education and laboratory and clinical research training). Authority to acquire, construct, improve, repair, operate, and maintain laboratories, other research facilities, equipment, and such other real or personal property as is determined necessary.

  • Authority to make grants for construction or renovation of facilities, in consultation with the advisory council for the institute.


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