NIH 1998 Almanac/The Organization/NHGRI/
National Human Genome Research Institute: Important Events in NHGRI History
August 15, 1988--Program advisory committee on the human genome was established to
advise NIH on all aspects of research in the area of genomic analysis.
October 1, 1988--The Office for Human Genome Research was created within the NIH
Office of the Director. Also, NIH and DOE signed a memorandum of understanding outlining
plans for cooperation on genome research.
February 29-March 1, 1988--NIH Director James Wyngaarden assembled scientists,
administrators, and science policy experts in Reston, Va., to lay out an NIH plan for the
Human Genome Project.
January 3-4, 1989--The program advisory committee on the human genome held its
first meeting in Bethesda, Md.
October 1, 1989--NCHGR was established to carry out the NIHs component of the
U.S. Human Genome Project.
April 1990--The 5-year plan with specific goals for the project was published.
May 8, 1990--The National Advisory Council for Human Genome Research was
July 1, 1990--The genome research review committee was created so the center could
conduct appropriate peer review of human genome grant applications.
October 1, 1990--The U.S. Human Genome Project officially began.
January 22, 1991--The National Advisory Council for Human Genome Research met for
the first time in Bethesda, Md.
April 10, 1992--James Watson resigned as first director of the center. Michael
Gottesman was appointed acting center director.
February 1993--The centers Division of Intramural Research was established.
April 4, 1993--Francis S. Collins was appointed center director.
October 1, 1993--U.S. Human Genome Project revised its 5-year goals through
September 30, 1994--The genetic mapping goal was achieved 1 year ahead of schedule.
November 15, 1995--NCHGR celebrates its fifth anniversary. J.D. Watson Lecture was
April 1995Task Force on Genetic Testing established as a subgroup of the
NIH-DOE ELSI working group.
April 11, 1996Human DNA sequencing begins with pilot studies at six U.S.
April 24, 1996An international team completes DNA sequence of first
eukaryotic genome, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, or common brewers yeast.
September 1996Center for Inherited Disease Research, a project cofunded by
eight ICDs to study the genetic components of complex disorders, is established on the
Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center campus in Baltimore.