NIH 1998 Almanac/The Organization/NIAID/      

National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases: Biographical Sketch of NIAID Director

Anthony S. Fauci, M.D.

Dr. Fauci was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1940. A graduate of the College of the Holy Cross, he received his M.D. degree from Cornell University Medical College in 1966. After completing an internship and residency at Cornell Medical Center in 1968, he came to the NIH as a clinical associate in the Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, NIAID. In 1977 he was appointed deputy clinical director of the institute.

In 1980 he was appointed chief of the Laboratory of Immunoregulation, a position he still holds. He became NIAID director in November 1984.

He has made many contributions in basic and clinical research in the pathogenesis and treatment of immune-mediated diseases. He pioneered the field of human immuno-regulation by making a number of basic scientific observations that serve as the basis for the current understanding of the regulation of the human immune response. In addition, he is widely recognized for delineating the precise mechanisms whereby immunosuppressive agents modulate the human immune response. He has developed effective therapies for several formerly fatal diseases such as polyarteritis nodosa, Wegener’s granulomatosis, and lymphomatoid granulomatosis.

Dr. Fauci has made seminal contributions to the understanding of how the AIDS virus destroys the body’s defenses. He has also delineated the mechanisms of induction of HIV expression by endogenous cytokines. He has been instrumental in developing strategies for the therapy and immune reconstitution of patients with HIV disease.

He continues to devote much of his time to identifying the nature of immunopathogenic mechanisms of HIV infection and the scope of the body’s immune responses to the AIDS retrovirus.

During his career at NIH, Dr. Fauci has received numerous honors and awards, including 17 honorary doctorate degrees. Notable are the National Medical Research Award of the National Health Council, the Maxwell Finland Award in Infectious Diseases presented by the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, the Chiron International Prize for Biomedical Research, the Presidential Award of the New York Academy of Sciences, the Ellen Browning Scripps Medal of the Scripps Foundation for Medicine and Research, and the AMA’s William Beaumont Award and Dr. Nathan Davis Award for Outstanding Public Service.

In addition, the Science Citation Index ranked Dr. Fauci as the most-cited author among scientists publishing in AIDS research in the time period 1993-1995.

He is a member of the NAS and IOM, American Federation for Clinical Research, American Society for Clinical Investigation, Association of American Physicians, Infectious Diseases Society of America, American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, American Association of Immunologists, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and American Academy of Microbiology, among others.

He is on the editorial board of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, as well as numerous others. He is associate editor of Current Therapy in Internal Medicine, an editor of Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, and author or coauthor of more than 950 scientific publications, including several textbooks.

Directors of NIAID

NameDate of Birth Dates of Office
Victor H. HaasJan. 6, 1909 Nov. 1, 1948April 1957
Justin M. AndrewsAug. 28, 1902April 1957Oct. 1, 1964
Dorland J. DavisJuly 2, 1911Oct. 1, 1964August 1975
Richard M. KrauseJan. 4, 1925August 1975July 1984
Anthony S. FauciDec. 24, 1940November 1984-------


National Institutes of Health