NIH 1998 Almanac/The Organization/NLM/      

National Library of Medicine: Important Events in NLM History

1836--The Library of the Office of the Surgeon General of the Army was established (the present NLM).

1865--John Shaw Billings, M.D., was assigned to supervise the Surgeon General’s Library, which he developed into a national resource of biomedical literature.

1880--The first volume of Index Catalogue was published. By 1961, when it was discontinued after 61 volumes, this publication had listed 3,674,111 citations to medical books and articles, making it preeminent among scientific bibliographies of the world.

January 1922--The Library of the Office of the Surgeon General (Army) was renamed Army Medical Library.

April 1952--The Army Medical Library was renamed the Armed Forces Medical Library.

October 1, 1956--The Armed Forces Medical Library was designated the National Library of Medicine and placed under PHS.

December 1961--The new building at 8600 Rockville Pike was dedicated.

January 1964--The Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (MEDLARS) became operational at NLM.

January 1, 1967--A Toxicology Information Program was established at NLM in response to recommendations of the President’s science advisory committee.

July 1, 1967--The PHS Audiovisual Facility, renamed the National Medical Audiovisual Center (NMAC), became a component of NLM.

1968--NLM became a component of NIH. The Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, NLM’s R&D component, was created by Congress.

October 1971--MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online) was initiated to provide online access to a major portion of the MEDLARS database.

September 1972--TOXLINE, an online bibliographic service covering pharmacology and toxicology, became operational.

May 22, 1980--NLM’s Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications (LHNCBC) building was dedicated. The new building, adjacent to the Library, houses NLM’s research and development component (LHNCBC), as well as its grants, toxicology, and audiovisual programs.

February 5, 1986--Grateful Med, a PC-based user-friendly software for accessing MEDLARS, was introduced to the health community.

October 1993--NLM’s Internet WWW site appeared.

November 25, 1994--The "Visible Human Male," a large computer dataset of images based on a cadaver, was introduced. The "Visible Human Female" appeared 1 year later.

June 26, 1997--All web-based access to NLM’s MEDLINE is made free.


National Institutes of Health