NIH 1999 Almanac/The Organization/NHLBI/      

National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute: NHLBI Legislative Chronology

June 16, 1948--The National Heart Act (P.L. 80-655) authorized NHI. The act’s purpose was "To improve the health of the people of the United States through the conduct of researches, investigations, experiments, and demonstrations relating to the cause, prevention, and method of diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the heart and circulation; assist and foster such researches and other activities by public and private agencies, and promote the coordination of all such researches and activities and the useful application of their results; provide training in matters relating to heart diseases, including refresher courses for physicians; and develop, and assist States and other agencies in use of the most effective methods of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart diseases."

June 25, 1948--The Second Deficiency Appropriation Act of 1948 (P.L. 80-785) appropriated "For an additional amount, Fiscal year 1949 for ‘National Institute of Health, operating expenses,’ $500,000: Provided, that appropriations under said head for the Fiscal year 1949 shall be available for carrying out the purposes of the National Heart Act, including erection of temporary structures for storage of equipment and supplies and housing of animals."

June 29, 1949--The Labor-Federal Security Appropriation Act 1950 (P.L. 141) appropriated $10,725,000 for expenses necessary to carry out purposes of the National Heart Act, including grants-in-aid for drawing plans, erection of buildings, and acquisition of land therefor, and, in addition to the appropriated, authorized "the Surgeon General, upon recommendations of the National Advisory Heart Council, to approve applications for research and training grants, including grants for drawing plans, erection of buildings, and acquisition of land therefor, not to exceed a total of $5,350,000, for periods beyond the current Fiscal year, and such grants shall, if approved during the current Fiscal year, constitute a contractual obligation of the Federal Government."

August 15, 1950--The Omnibus Act of 1950 (P.L. 81-692) provided for termination of all appointments to heart and other councils on September 30, and for appointment of a full new membership on October 1, 1950. The act established uniformity in composition and term of office for all councils.

December 30, 1963--House Joint Resolution 848 (P.L. 88-254) was approved, that authorized and requested the President to issue an annual proclamation designating February as American Heart Month, inviting governors of states and territories to issue similar proclamations.

October 6, 1965--P.L. 89-199 provided supplemental appropriations for FY 1966 to implement recommendations of the President’s Commission on Heart Disease, Cancer, and Stroke that fall within existing legislative authorities. NHI received funds to expand training programs and plan research centers.

May 16, 1972--The National Sickle Cell Anemia Control Act (P.L. 92-294) established a national program for diagnosis, control, and treatment of and research in sickle cell anemia. The act did not mention NHLI but had special pertinence because NHLI was designated to coordinate the National Sickle Cell Disease Program.

September 19, 1972--The National Heart, Blood Vessel, Lung, and Blood Act of 1972 (P.L. 92-423) enlarged institute authority to advance the national attack on heart, blood vessel, lung, and blood diseases. The act provided for expanded, intensified, and coordinated institute activities in accordance with a comprehensive, specified National Heart, Blood Vessel, Lung, and Blood Disease Program to be planned by the director and the Advisory Council.

Other provisions include establishment of prevention and control programs; development of 15 new centers for basic and clinical research, training, demonstration, and prevention programs for heart, blood vessel, and blood diseases; and development of 15 such centers for chronic lung diseases.

June 25, 1976--Title I of the Health Research and Health Services Amendments of 1976 (P.L. 94-278) redesignated NHLI as NHLBI to advance the national attack on heart, blood vessel, lung, and blood diseases, and to conduct research in use of blood and blood products and in management of blood resources. The NHLBI director and the institute Advisory Council continue to plan the national program under the basic P.L. 92-423 provisions with some refinements.

August 1, 1977--The Biomedical Research Extension Act of 1977 (P.L. 95-83) reauthorized NHLBI, with continued emphasis on both the national program and related prevention and dissemination activities.

December 17, 1980--The Health Programs Extension Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-538) reauthorized NHLBI, with continued emphasis on both the national program and related prevention programs.

September 20, and November 4, 1988--The National Bone Marrow Donor Registry (P.L. 100-436, P.L. 100-607) was established. With enactment of these authorization and appropriation measures, NHLBI was given the task of developing an implementation plan for the voluntary bone marrow registry.

November 4, 1988--The Health Omnibus Extension Act of 1988 (P.L. 100-607) reauthorized NHLBI.

June 10, 1993--The NIH Revitalization Act of 1993 (P.L. 103-43) established a National Center on Sleep Disorders within NHLBI.

October 31, 1998--Section 424A of Public Service Act (P.L.105-340) instructs the NHLBI director to expand and intensify research and related activities of the institute with respect to heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases in women and to collaborate with other NIH institutes.


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