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Home > About NIH > NIH Almanac > Historical Data

NIH Almanac - Historical Data

Contents
" " About the Almanac
" " Historical Data
" " Organization
" " Appropriations
" " Staff
" " Major NIH Lectures
" " Nobel Laureates
" " Past Issues
Department of Health and Human Services* Secretaries
Name In Office from To
Oveta Culp Hobby Apr. 11, 1953 July 31, 1955
Marion B. Folsom Aug. 1, 1955 July 31, 1958
Arthur S. Flemming Aug. 1, 1958 Jan. 1, 1961
Abraham A. Ribicoff Jan. 20, 1961 July 13, 1962
Anthony J. Celebrezze July 31, 1962 Aug. 17, 1965
John W. Gardner Aug. 18, 1965 Feb. 29, 1968
Wilbur J. Cohen May 9, 1968 Jan. 19, 1969
Robert H. Finch Jan. 22, 1969 June 24, 1970
Elliot L. Richardson June 24, 1970 Jan. 29, 1973
Caspar W. Weinberger Feb. 12, 1973 Aug. 10, 1975
David Mathews Aug. 8, 1975 Jan. 20, 1977
Joseph A. Califano, Jr. Jan. 26, 1977 July 19, 1979
Patricia Roberts Harris July 27, 1979 Jan. 19, 1981
Richard S. Schweiker Jan. 22, 1981 Feb. 3, 1983
Margaret M. Heckler Mar. 9, 1983 Dec. 12, 1985
Otis R. Bowen Dec. 13, 1985 Jan. 20, 1989
Louis Sullivan Mar. 1, 1989 Jan. 1993
Donna Shalala Jan. 22, 1993 Jan. 19, 2001
Tommy G. Thompson Feb. 2, 2001  

*Name changed from Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on May 14, 1980; separate Department of Education formed.

Surgeons General of the Public Health Service
Name In Office from To
John Maynard Woodworth April 1871 Mar. 14, 18791
John B. Hamilton Apr. 3, 1879 May 31, 18912
Walter Wyman June 1, 1891 Nov. 21, 19113
Rupert Blue Jan. 13, 1912 Mar. 1, 19204
Hugh Smith Cumming Mar. 3, 1920 Jan. 31, 19365
Thomas Parran Apr. 6, 1936 Apr. 5, 1948
Leonard A. Scheele Apr. 6, 1948 Aug. 2, 1956
Leroy E. Burney Aug. 8, 1956 Jan. 29, 1961
Luther L. Terry Mar. 24, 1961 Oct. 1, 1965
William H. Stewart Oct. 2, 1965 Aug. 1, 1969
Jessee L. Steinfeld Dec. 18, 1969 Jan. 20, 1973
Julius B. Richmond July 13, 1977 Jan. 20, 1981
C. Everett Koop Nov. 16, 1981 Oct. 1, 1988
Antonio Novello Mar. 9, 1989 June 30, 1993
Joycelyn Elders Sept. 7, 1993 1994
David Satcher Feb. 13, 1998 Jan. 31, 2001
Richard Carmona Aug. 5, 2002  

1 Served as supervising surgeon of the Marine Hospital Service until March 3, 1875, when his title was changed to supervising Surgeon General.
2 Surgeon General, Marine Hospital Service.
3 Surgeon General, Marine Hospital Service, and Surgeon General, Public Health and Marine Hospital Service (after July 1, 1902).
4 Surgeon General, Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, and Surgeon General, PHS (after August 14, 1912).
5 Surgeon General, PHS.

DHHS Assistant Secretaries for Health*
Name In Office from To
Philip R. Lee Nov. 2, 1965 Feb. 16, 1969
Roger O. Egeberg July 14, 1969 June 10, 1971
Merlin K. DuVal July 1, 1971 Dec. 15, 1972
Charles C. Edwards Apr. 18, 1973 Jan. 21, 1975
Theodore Cooper July 1, 1975 Jan. 20, 1977
Julius B. Richmond July 13, 1977 Jan. 20, 1981
Edward N. Brandt, Jr. May 14, 1981 December 1984
James Mason (Acting) December 1984 June 1986
Robert E. Windom June 23, 1986 Mar. 5, 1989
James O. Mason Apr. 21, 1989 Jan. 20, 1992
Philip R. Lee July 2, 1992 Jan. 21, 1997
David Satcher Feb. 13, 1998 Jan. 31, 2001

*Title was changed from assistant secretary for health and scientific affairs, November 1972.

 
This page was last reviewed on March 30, 2005 .

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