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Home > About NIH > NIH Almanac > Historical Data

NIH Almanac - Historical Data

Contents
" " About the Almanac
" " Historical Data
" " Organization
" " Appropriations
" " Staff
" " Major NIH Lectures
" " Nobel Laureates
" " Past Issues
Department of Health and Human Services* Secretaries
Name In Office from To
Oveta Culp Hobby April 11, 1953 July 31, 1955
Marion B. Folsom August 1, 1955 July 31, 1958
Arthur S. Flemming August 1, 1958 January 1, 1961
Abraham A. Ribicoff January 20, 1961 July 13, 1962
Anthony J. Celebrezze July 31, 1962 August 17, 1965
John W. Gardner August 18, 1965 February 29, 1968
Wilbur J. Cohen May 9, 1968 January 19, 1969
Robert H. Finch January 22, 1969 June 24, 1970
Elliot L. Richardson June 24, 1970 January 29, 1973
Caspar W. Weinberger February 12, 1973 August 10, 1975
David Mathews August 8, 1975 January 20, 1977
Joseph A. Califano, Jr. January 26, 1977 July 19, 1979
Patricia Roberts Harris July 27, 1979 January 19, 1981
Richard S. Schweiker January 22, 1981 February 3, 1983
Margaret M. Heckler March 9, 1983 December 12, 1985
Otis R. Bowen December 13, 1985 January 20, 1989
Louis Sullivan March 1, 1989 January1993
Donna Shalala January 22, 1993 January 19, 2001
Tommy G. Thompson February 2, 2001  

*Name changed from Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on May 14, 1980; separate Department of Education formed.

Surgeons General of the Public Health Service
Name In Office from To
John Maynard Woodworth April 1871 March 14, 18791
John B. Hamilton April 3, 1879 May 31, 18912
Walter Wyman June 1, 1891 November 21, 19113
Rupert Blue January 13, 1912 March 1, 19204
Hugh Smith Cumming March 3, 1920 January 31, 19365
Thomas Parran April 6, 1936 April 5, 1948
Leonard A. Scheele April 6, 1948 August 2, 1956
Leroy E. Burney August 8, 1956 January 29, 1961
Luther L. Terry March 24, 1961 October 1, 1965
William H. Stewart October 2, 1965 August 1, 1969
Jessee L. Steinfeld December 18, 1969 January 20, 1973
Julius B. Richmond July 13, 1977 January 20, 1981
C. Everett Koop November 16, 1981 October 1, 1988
Antonio Novello March 9, 1989 June 30, 1993
Joycelyn Elders September 7, 1993 1994
David Satcher February 13, 1998 January 31, 2001
Richard Carmona July 23, 2002  

1 Served as supervising surgeon of the Marine Hospital Service until March 3, 1875, when his title was changed to supervising Surgeon General.
2 Surgeon General, Marine Hospital Service.
3 Surgeon General, Marine Hospital Service, and Surgeon General, Public Health and Marine Hospital Service (after July 1, 1902).
4 Surgeon General, Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, and Surgeon General, PHS (after August 14, 1912).
5 Surgeon General, PHS.

DHHS Assistant Secretaries for Health
Name In Office from To
Philip R. Lee November 2, 1965 February 16, 1969
Roger O. Egeberg July 14, 1969 June 10, 1971
Merlin K. DuVal July 1, 1971 December 15, 1972
Charles C. Edwards April 18, 1973 January 21, 1975
Theodore Cooper July 1, 1975 January 20, 1977
Julius B. Richmond July 13, 1977 January 20, 1981
Edward N. Brandt, Jr. May 14, 1981 December 1984
James Mason (Acting) December 1984 June 1986
Robert E. Windom June 23, 1986 March 5, 1989
James O. Mason April 21, 1989 January 20, 1992
Philip R. Lee July 2, 1992 January 21, 1997
David Satcher February 13, 1998 January 31, 2001
Eve E. Slater February 8, 2002  

*Title was changed from assistant secretary for health and scientific affairs, November 1972.

 
This page was last reviewed on July 23, 2004 .

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