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The Center for Information Technology's (CIT) mission is to provide, coordinate, and manage information technology and to advance computational science. CIT supports NIH's research and management programs with efficient, cost-effective information systems, networking services, and telecommunications services. Among its activities, the CIT:
1954 - A central data processing facility was established in the Office of the Director, NIH, under Dr. Harold Dorn, combining EAM (punched card) equipment and biometric expertise.
1956 – The biometric facility became the Biometrics Branch in the new Division of Research Services (DRS).
May 1956 – The NIH Director established a committee on electronic data processing and computers.
1958 – NIH installed its first electronic digital computer as an experimental device.
March 1960 – The Surgeon General approved the establishment of a Computation and Data Processing Branch in DRS.
October 1961 – NIH installed its first "second generation" computer.
April 1963 – The NIH Director appointed a steering committee to undertake a comprehensive study of data processing activities at NIH.
April 1963 – The NIH steering committee recommended the establishment of a Division of Computer and Information Sciences (subsequently changed to the Division of Computer Research and Technology (DCRT), including provision for the transfer of the Computation and Data Processing Branch, DRS, to the new organization.
1964 – DCRT was established, with James King as Interim Acting Director.
1966 – Dr. Arnold W. Pratt was named DCRT's first Director.
April 1966 – Components of the "third-generation" computer system were installed.
April 1969 – NIH research community received the first time-sharing computers.
June 1969 – Minicomputers designed by the DCRT were installed in NIH laboratories.
May 1979 – An interagency agreement between HEW and GSA established the NIH Central Computer Utility as a Federal Data Processing Center.
April 1983 – The Personal Workstation Project was founded to determine how effectively NIH personnel could use personal computers.
1988 – The Convex Unix-based supermini-computer was installed, and the network task group was created.
1990 – Extensive networking (NIHnet) was installed at NIH, providing connectivity for 60 local area networks.
March 1992 – Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Secretary Lewis Sullivan, in a letter to Congress, committed to creating a new office to improve management and coordination of NIH's information resources.
June 1992 – The NIH Director approved creation of the Office of Information Resources Management (OIRM) in OD.
Dr. Francis W. Hartel, Ph.D. was selected as the NIH Senior IRM official and the Director of OIRM.
September 1993 – The Information Systems Security Officers (ISSO) committee was established to handle NIH IT security issues.
January 1994 – DCRT celebrated its 30th anniversary.
February 1994 – To help customers obtain computer-related information, a help desk was inaugurated.
October 1994 – OIRM sponsored the first Internet conference on legal and policy issues related to the increased use of Internet resources at NIH.
May 1995 – DCRT sponsored Internet Expo Day to help NIH staff discover the World Wide Web and its enormous potential to disseminate and exchange information.
June 1995 – The NIH Director approved a revised charter for the Office of Information Resource Management (IRM) council and increased its role in providing management leadership on NIH-wide information technology (IT) initiatives.
July 1995 – OIRM, the National Science Foundation, and the World Wide Web Federal Consortium sponsored a Federal Webmaster workshop on legal, ethical, and security issues related to increase Web use by Federal agencies.
August 1995 – The first NIH electronic store was established to provide efficient acquisition of personal computers, hardware, software, and on-line components to NIH personnel.
May 1996 – The IRM council established the NIH Year 2000 Work Group (Y2K) to provide NIH with leadership and direction on initiatives modifying computer systems and applications to accommodate problems related to a two-digit date field.
June 1996 – NIH's Computer Center was designated as a major DHHS data center.
July 1996 – The NIH Data Warehouse, which provides a one-stop-shop graphical user interface to NIH administrative and accounting information, was introduced to NIH.
1996 – A telecommunications committee was established to provide the IRM council with advice about crosscutting telecommunication issues affecting a large number of NIH staff. Issues included telephone features and services, pagers, cellular services, video teleconferencing, remote access, audio conferencing, and switchboard operator services. Responsibilities were shared by DCRT and the Telecommunications Branch located in NIH's Office of Research Services.
August 1996 – The Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 (ITMRA, also known as the Clinger-Cohen Act) became effective. ITMRA assigned overall responsibility for the acquisition and management of government IT resources to the Director, Office of Management and Budget. Additionally, ITMRA gave authority to heads of executive agencies to acquire IT resources, and directed agencies to appoint a Chief Information Officer (CIO) to provide advice to each agency on the effective management of IT investments.
1996 – NIH Director named Anthony Itteilag, NIH Deputy Director for Management, to serve as interim NIH Chief Information Officer (CIO).
September 1996 – The NIH Director's leadership forum on the management of IT at NIH formed an IT Central Committee (ITCC) to provide recommendations on improving the management of NIH IT resources.
December 1996 – A final ITCC report was submitted to the NIH Director. The report recommended appointing a CIO and combining DCRT, OIRM, and TCB into a single organizational structure.
1996 – Dona R. Lenkin was appointed to serve as OIRM Acting Director and alternate NIH CIO.
July 1997 – DCRT introduced the NIH Human Resources Information and Benefits System (HRIBS), a Web service that gave employees easy access to personnel data, including benefits, salary, awards, leave, savings, performance and retirement.
September 1997 – DCRT completed consolidation of two HHS data centers --- the Program Support Center Information Technology Service and the Administration for Children and Families National Computer Center --- into the NIH Computer Center.
1997 – A review of NIH's administrative structure, conducted in response to a request from Congressman John Porter (Ill.), was completed. The report recommended that the NIH implement the ITCC recommendations by appointing a permanent CIO and establishing a CIO organization.
October 1997 – Vice President Albert Gore awarded OIRM staff the National Performance Review "Hammer" Award for the development of an automated security risk assessment tool for networks.
1997 – NIH's first electronic magazine, LiveWire, was launched by DCRT. The on-line magazine offered easy access to key services and computer information.
November 1997 – DCRT inaugurated SILK (Secure Internet-Linked) technology to provide Web access to enterprise data.
February 1998 – The Center for Information Technology (CIT) was formed, combining the functions of the DCRT, the Office of Information Resources Management (OIRM), and the Telecommunications Branch.
March 1998 – Alan S. Graeff was named NIH's first Chief Information Officer (CIO) and Director of the newly formed Center for Information Technology (CIT).
April 1998 – CIT's OIRM sponsored an IT security conference to provide IT security officers and others with essential information for moving towards the 21st century.
October 1998 – The NIH IT Board of Governors (BoG) was established to advise the NIH and the NIH CIO on NIH-wide IT management and to make recommendations on IT activities and priorities.
May 1999 – The Information Technology Management Committee (ITMC) was formed to develop and communicate recommendations and decisions at the IC level, provided a forum for building consensus across the NIH, and served as an umbrella organization to the NIH IT process management and technical committees.
December 1999 – NIH successfully prepared for the Year 2000, thus bringing to fruition four-years of effort preparing for the largest information management project in history. The NIH strategy of aggressive renovation and validation of information systems, biomedical equipment, facilities, utilities, and telecommunications provided a smooth transition that ensured the integrity of the NIH mission.
January 1999 – CIT completed development of the predecessor to the TELESYNERGY(TM) Medical Consultation WorkStation, a multimedia, medical imaging workstation. This system provided an electronic imaging environment, utilizing a prototype Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) telemedicine network. The TELESYNERGY(TM) environment included a scientific workstation as the computing platform that transmits simultaneous high-resolution images to all sites participating in a medical consultation.
January 2000 – CIT joined forces with NCI in a pioneering TELESYNERGY(TM) collaboration to reach out to distant community hospitals. Patients in remote areas were now able to participate in selected NCI phase I and phase II protocols. Collaborating sites, with TELESYNERGY(TM) Systems either installed or under construction, included hospitals in Fort Lauderdale, Florida; Wheeling, West Virginia; Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom; and Dublin, the Republic of Ireland.
2001 – The NIH Incident Response Team (IRT) was the first civilian Federal agency to receive the prestigious Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Guardian Award, for exceptional contributions in ensuring the confidentiality, availability, and integrity of NIH information resources.
2002 - CIT took a leadership role in forging NIH's strategy for common services, including hosting the improved and expanded NIH Portal. CIT supported the development and staged implementation of the NIH Portal as a single, user-friendly customizable web interface by which data and documents can be readily accessed by NIH staff and associated personnel.
Alan S. Graeff was named Chief Information Officer (CIO) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Director of the newly formed Center for Information Technology (CIT) on March 6, 1998.
Graeff previously served as Chief of the Clinical Center's (CC) Information Systems Department, where he oversaw a major Information Technology (IT) reorganization that introduced a centralized infrastructure based on technical standards, reliable architecture, and high levels of customer support. Graeff created a unified support structure for IT in the CC's diverse environment of clinical research, patient services, and administration.
As Chief of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases' (NIAID) Technical Systems Section from 1989 - 1991, Graeff was responsible for building the Institute's first wide-area network, comprising twelve locations across the country and serving 1,400 computer users. He also designed and implemented an NIAID acquisition workflow system that streamlined the Institute's acquisition and planning processes. In earlier positions, Graeff worked as a biologist for the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Metabolism Branch and NIAID's Laboratory of Cellular Immunology. Graeff holds a B.S. in distributed sciences from American University.
NIH Chief Information Officer
CIT consists of the Office of the Director (OD), the Office of the Deputy Chief Information Officer (ODCIO), the Division of Computational Bioscience (DCB), the Division of Customer Support (DCS), the Division of Computer System Services (DCSS), the Division of Enterprise and Custom Applications (DECA), and the Division of Network Systems and Telecommunications (DNST).
Office of the Director (OD)
The Office of the Director plans, directs, coordinates, and evaluates the Center's programs, policies, and procedures and provides analysis and guidance in the development of systems for the effective use of IT techniques and equipment in support of NIH programs. The Chief Technology Officer (CTO) provides advice on the computational and telecommunications needs of the NIH community and provides analysis and guidance in developing systems supporting NIH-wide IT initiatives. In addition, the CTO evaluates new technologies, provides planning guidance for CIT programs and services, and coordinates IT architectural management for the NIH.
Office of the Deputy Chief Information Officer (ODCIO)
The Deputy Chief Information Officer advises the Chief Information Officer (CIO) on the direction and management of significant NIH IT program and policy activities under relevant Federal statutes, regulations and policies. The ODCIO also develops, implements, manages, and oversees NIH IT activities related to IT legislation, regulations, and NIH and other Federal policies:
Division of Computational Bioscience (DCB)
DCB is a research and development organization that provides scientific and technical expertise in computational science and engineering to support biomedical research activities at the NIH:
Division of Computer System Services (DCSS)
DCSS plans, implements, operates, and supports centrally owned or administered computing resources for NIH enterprises use, ensuring interoperability among those resources and between them and other computing facilities owned by customer organizations.
Division of Customer Support (DCS)
DCS provides centralized, integrated computer support services to the NIH computing community:
Division of Enterprise and Custom Applications (DECA)
DECA supports the NIH enterprise business process through the development and management of transaction and decision-support environments for administrative and business applications of the NIH, such as procurement, budget, accounting and human resource activities, as well as systems that support extramural and intramural business processes:
Division of Network Systems and Telecommunications (DNST)
DNST directs the engineering, design, implementation, and support of network infrastructure and services for the NIH wide area network (NIHnet) to facilitate the use of scientific, administrative, and other business applications:
|This page was last reviewed on June 21, 2005 .|
National Institutes of Health (NIH)