Institutes and Research Divisions
National Institute of Nursing Research
Important Events in NINR History
NINR Legislative Chronology
Director's of NINR
Biographical Sketch of NINR Director
- Research in chronic conditions, including arthritis, diabetes, and urinary incontinence, and in long-term care and caregiving.
- Research in health and risk behaviors, including studies of women's health developmental transitions such as adolescence and menopause and health and behavior research such as studies of smoking cessation.
- Research in cardiopulmonary health, including prevention and care of individuals with cardiac or respiratory conditions. This area also includes research in critical care, trauma, wound healing, and organ transplantation.
- Research in neurofunction and brain disorders, including pain management, sleep disorders, symptom management in persons with brain disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, and rehabilitation following brain and spinal cord injury. This also includes research on patient care in acute care settings.
- Research in immune and neoplastic diseases, including symptoms primarily associated with cancer and AIDS such as fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and cachexia. Prevention research on specific risk factors is also included.
- Research in reproductive and infant health, including prevention of premature labor, reduction of health-risk factors during pregnancy, delivery of prenatal care, care of neonates, infant growth and development, and fertility issues.
NINR's priority is to fund investigator-initiated research. To assure depth in certain scientific areas, however, the institute collaborated with the National Advisory Council for Nursing Research and nursing scientific community to develop the National Nursing Research Agenda. Initial areas for special focus in 1989-1994 were low birth weight: mothers and infants HIV infection: prevention and care long-term care for older patients symptom management of pain nursing informatics support for patient care and health promotion for children and adolescents.
Areas identified for 1995-1999 are:
- Community based nursing models to examine nursing strategies designed to promote health and reduce risks of disease and disabilities from chronic conditions, particularly among rural, underserved, and minority populations.
- Effectiveness of nursing interventions in HIV/AIDS to evaluate biobehavioral nursing interventions to foster health promoting behaviors of individuals at risk for HIV/AIDS, and to ameliorate the effects of illness in those already infected.
- Cognitive impairment--develop and test biobehavioral and environmental approaches to remedy cognitive impairment and to examine prevention strategies that target those at risk.
- Living with chronic illness--test interventions that increase individual and family adaptation to chronic illness.
- Biobehavioral factors related to immunocompetence--identify biobehavioral factors and test interventions that promote immunocompetence.
Research Training and Career Development
This activity assures that there will be an adequate cadre of well-trained nurse scientists to meet future research needs. This is accomplished through national research service awards consisting of predoctoral and postdoctoralindividual and institutional support, as well as senior fellowships for experienced investigators.
For career development, NINR offers a "Mentored Research Scientist Development Award--Nursing," which is available to doctorally prepared students who need a mentored research experience with an expert sponsor as a way to gain expertise in an area new to the candidate or would demonstrably enhance the candidate's scientific career.
NINR's growing Division of Intramural Research develops and conducts clinical research that contributes to scientific knowledge for nursing practice and health care. It also provides research training opportunities for nurse scientists.
The Clinical Therapeutics Laboratorystudies the biophysiologic and behavioral basis for and the effectiveness of clinical therapeutics relevant to nursing practice and health care. Ongoing investigations study the prevention, detection, and treatment of symptoms and side effects occurring during HIV infection and its treatment, such as fatigue, nutritional problems, and muscle weakness. Another series of CTL studies in aging individuals focus on treatment of another symptom, incontinence.
The Laboratory for the Study of Human Responses to Health and Illness studies quality of life and adaptation. Investigations focus on people's responses to illness and disability, as well as health promotion. Ongoing longitudinal investigations are conducted on the predictors of burdens and quality of life of caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients, as well as the psychophysio-logic predictors of quality of life of HIV-infected people. Another study is investigating how to more accurately measure and improve the functional status of people with chronic illnesses.
Investigators are in the process of developing protocols for a new Clinical Ethics Laboratory.