The NIH Almanac
The Fogarty International Center's vision is a world in which the frontiers of health research extend across the globe and advances in science are implemented to reduce the burden of disease, promote health, and extend longevity for all people.
The Fogarty International Center is dedicated to advancing the mission of the National Institutes of Health by supporting and facilitating global health research conducted by U.S. and international investigators, building partnerships between health research institutions in the United States and abroad, and training the next generation of scientists to address global health needs.
Important Events in Fogarty History
1988—The AIDS International Training and Research Program began as one of the first of a new generation of research training programs sponsored by Fogarty. It has become a model for a number of research capacity-building programs in the developing world in such areas as tropical diseases, emerging infectious diseases, environmental and occupational health, and population-related research.
1992—Focused on the potential relationships between drug development, biological diversity, and economic growth, the International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups program was initiated in a collaborative effort of NIH, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Agency for International Development to advance their 3 interrelated goals.
The Fogarty International Research Collaboration Award program began as small international collaborative research grants to American investigators whose research would benefit from collaboration with a partner from Latin America or Eastern Europe. Today, the scope of this program has expanded to cover developing regions everywhere.
1995—The International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health program—created with the close support of NIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and other partners—focuses on training local professionals in research on workplace and environmental protection and public health and safety, with an emphasis on implementing interventions targeted to specific conditions in the home country.
2003—The Informatics Training for Global Health program was created to fund international collaborations between the United States and low- and middle-income countries to develop informatics training programs in support of global health research.
2004—The International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training Program was launched to address the growing burden related to trauma and injury in the developing world. It addresses training across the range of basic to applied science, the epidemiology of risk factors, acute care and survival, rehabilitation, and long-term mental health consequences.
2005—Fogarty began its Framework Program for Global Health to provide administrative support to link diverse schools—such as engineering, business, chemistry, biology, communication, and medicine—together on the topic of global health and to develop multidisciplinary global health curricula.
October 22, 2007—In an effort to focus attention on global health, Fogarty joined with the Council of Science Editors to promote its 2007 international theme issue on poverty and human development. Fogarty, in conjunction with NIH's National Library of Medicine, hosted the event at NIH to coincide with the simultaneous publication of related research by more than 235 scientific journals in 37 countries. At least 1,000 articles were disseminated, representing research projects taking place in 85 nations. View Image.
May 6, 2008— Stephen Lewis, a former diplomat and co-founder of AIDS-Free World, delivered a passionate lecture at Masur Auditorium, as part of Fogarty International Center's 40th anniversary celebrations. Lewis described the plight of sub-Saharan countries struggling for survival, mired in a cycle of disease and despair caused by HIV/AIDS.
August 2, 2008— Fogarty recognized the 20th anniversary of its AIDS International Training and Research Program during a symposium and reception, which included current and former trainees in Mexico City, held as an affiliated event of the International AIDS Conference.
September 2, 2008—Congressman John E. Fogarty's legacy and the Center's 40th anniversary were recognized with events at Brown University. U.S. Sen. Jack Reed, Providence Mayor David Cicilline, and Fogarty family members celebrated with Center Director Dr. Roger I. Glass, who used the occasion to recognize Brown for its strong history in global health and to announce it would receive a Fogarty Framework grant to further develop its programs.
October 15, 2008—The Foundation for NIH hosted Fogarty's 40th anniversary gala dinner at the Italian embassy, which brought together leaders from Congress, federal agencies, science, advocacy groups, the diplomatic corps, and businesses with an interest in global health issues. Guests included Sen. Richard Lugar (R-IN) and Rep. Donald Payne (D-NJ), who were lauded for their global health leadership in Congress. View Image.
November 12, 2008— As part of its 40th anniversary celebrations, Fogarty held a symposium titled "The Role of Science in Advancing Global Health Diplomacy" at the Georgetown University Law Center. The discussion examined the relationship between science and diplomacy and how U.S. efforts in this arena could be strengthened. View Image.
December 16, 2008—Former NIH Director Dr. Harold Varmus delivered the 2008 David E. Barmes Global Health Lecture, titled "The U.S. Commitment to Global Health." Fogarty co-sponsors the annual event with the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research in honor of the late David E. Barmes, who was a special expert for international health at NIDCR. View Image.
March 30, 2009—Fogarty International Center and the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) announced the launch of MAL-ED , a five-year study to investigate the linkages between malnutrition and intestinal infections and their effects on children in the developing world, funded by a grant of nearly $30 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to the FNIH. Fogarty’s Division of International Epidemiology and Population Studies serves as the Scientific Secretariat for this 8-site study located in Brazil, Peru, South Africa, Tanzania, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.
April 22, 2009—Jeffrey Sachs, health economist and best-selling author, visited NIH as a Fogarty scholar-in-residence and delivered a lecture to an overflow audience at Masur Auditorium. Sachs spoke about the importance of investing in global health despite the ongoing financial crisis, describing the need for systemic changes in the design, financing, management and delivery of health care around the world. The event was part of a series marking Fogarty’s 40th anniversary, sponsored by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health. View Image.
June 2009—Fogarty became a founding member of the Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases , a collaboration involving national health agencies of some of the biggest countries in the world, including NIH represented by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and Fogarty, Australia's National Health Medical Research Council, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, China's Ministry of Health and the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, the Indian Council of Medical Research and the United Kingdom's Medical Research Council. Fogarty also began making initial grants in its Millennium Promise Awards program to train researchers in chronic diseases, which account for 60 percent of all deaths around the world.
July 22, 2009—Fogarty announced funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act that will allow the NIH to create jobs for early career scientists and increase the ranks of researchers and clinicians working in the global health field. With $3 million in funding over an18-month period, Fogarty will be able to support 21 additional participants in its Clinical Research Training Scholars and Fellows Program.
August 2009—Fogarty hosted a meeting of the newly created Trans-NIH Global Health Research Working Group at the Stone House. The high-level working group is the result of a two-year effort by institute and center directors to analyze global health research activities at NIH and explore better ways to coordinate efforts, both across NIH and throughout the government. NIH director Dr. Francis Collins, who attended the meeting, urged members of the working group to find better ways to leverage resources and coordinate international activities to improve human health. View Image.
September 14-15, 2009—Fogarty co-hosted the first meeting of the Consortium of Universities for Global Health at NIH’s Natcher Center. The consortium was created to increase public support and funding for new global health initiatives and build an alliance of universities to strengthen a field that students are demanding in unprecedented numbers. Guest speakers included White House health adviser Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel and U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Dr. Eric Goosby, among others. View Images.
October 28-30, 2009—Fogarty played an instrumental role in the first mHealth Summit, a gathering of scientists, information technology developers and policymakers sponsored by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health and Microsoft Research. The three-day event focused on the use of mobile technologies as tools and platforms for health research and health care delivery. The summit drew an overflow crowd, with about 500 attending in person and hundreds more via webcast. Fogarty Director Dr. Roger I. Glass spoke at the event, along with several prominent Fogarty grantees who had established mobile health projects in low-and middle-income countries. View Image.
January 2010—The highlights from the NIH portfolio analysis on climate change and health were released, the result of a series of meetings of the Trans-NIH Working Group on Climate Change. Convened by Fogarty, the meetings addressed the topic of climate change and its relationship to health research. The working group, chaired by Fogarty’s Dr. Josh Rosenthal, brings together scientists from other federal agencies to share information and better coordinate research efforts.
February 22, 2010—Google collaborator and guru of global health data Dr. Hans Rosling drew a capacity crowd at Masur Auditorium when he presented a lecture titled “The New Health Gap: Science for Emerging Economies vs. the Bottom Billion.” During his talk, Rosling took the audience through time to illustrate how the world has changed. A co-founder of Gapminder, a nonprofit that promotes a fact-based world view, he used his own Trendalyzer software to convert numbers into interactive graphics. Dr. Rosling visited NIH as a Fogarty International Center Scholar-in-Residence, concluding the Center’s 40th anniversary activities. View Image.
February 26, 2010—Representatives from G8 countries met at NIH with leading researchers from sub-Saharan Africa, convened by Fogarty, to discuss African research capacity and how to move forward with commitments made at the 2009 L’Aquila Summit. The G8 Leaders Declaration had pledged to address health care improvement in Africa through a variety of strategies, including developing networks of researchers and working with African partners to establish a consortium of interdisciplinary centers of health innovation. View Image.
March 17, 2010—Following the Third Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation , Fogarty and the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research convened a satellite meeting on Implementation Science and Global Health in Bethesda. The event brought together Fogarty grantees and trainees working in the field of international implementation science, research training, and curriculum development, and explored strategies to build linkages between implementation science researchers to global healthcare delivery programs.
June 2010—The Fulbright Program joined Fogarty to expand clinical research training opportunities in sub-Saharan Africa for U.S. pre-doctoral students. The Fulbright-Fogarty Fellowships program will encourage innovative evidence-based public health research training, problem-based learning and clinical preceptorships. It will also encourage collaboration among the Fulbright-Fogarty fellows, who will be mentored by U.S. and African faculty and researchers. Together, the organizations will provide up to $205,000 per year to support as many as five awards. Initially, the one-year assignments will be distributed among six sites in Botswana, Malawi, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia. View Image.
June 17, 2010—Longtime Fogarty grantee Dr. Jean ‘Bill’ Pape visited NIH to report that HIV/AIDS research has resumed in full at Haitian Group for the Study of Kaposi’s Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO), just months after Haiti’s devastating earthquake. He addressed the NIH community while in town to accept the 2010 Gates Award for Global Health on behalf of GHESKIO—the world's first HIV/AIDS organization—which he founded nearly 30 years ago and still directs. View Image.
September 2010—NIH joined the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, a new public-private partnership led by the United Nations Foundation. The initiative was announced by Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton at the Clinton Global Initiative meeting in New York. Fogarty also continues to support research training programs to increase human capacity in low- and middle-income countries in the field of indoor air pollution and cookstove research. Half the world's population relies on elemental stoves for cooking or heating, and the resulting indoor air pollution is estimated to take 1.9 million lives each year. NIH has committed about $25 million over the next five years to reducing this impact and improving the health of cookstove users.
September 2010—Fogarty issued its final awards under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Overall, the Center awarded about 100 grants under the two-year stimulus program, totaling roughly $30 million. An additional $8 million of stimulus funding is being administered by Fogarty for a project focused on implementing novel drugs, diagnostics, and devices in low-resource settings. Fogarty’s share of Recovery Act funding was $17.4 million but its grantees successfully competed for an additional $13 million in funds from the central NIH pot. Five such applications were supported under the “Challenge” program, with $3 million of the funding coming from the central pool. Another $8 million came from the NIH Director’s fund for the new implementation science consortium and about $2 million to support “Signature Framework” awards, which emphasize hands-on problem solving, collaborative approaches and innovative, multidisciplinary team research. 2010 awards included funds to support innovative multidisciplinary research projects and enhance studies involving human subjects.
September 24-26, 2010—>Several hundred alumni of the Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars and Fellows (FICRS-F) program gathered near the NIH campus for their first-ever reunion and scientific symposium. The young scientists presented a broad range of research projects from more traditional infectious disease projects to cardiology and cancer studies. Many are also investigating novel ways to apply emerging technologies to speed up discoveries. View Image.
October 2010—The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services—including several components of the NIH— joined the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in funding the Medical Education Partnership Initiative. The program, administered by Fogarty and the HIV/AIDS Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration, will invest as much as $130 million over five years to transform African medical education and dramatically increase the number of health care workers. The initiative will form a network including about 30 regional partners, country health and education ministries, and more than 20 U.S. collaborators. Grants have been awarded directly to African institutions in a dozen countries, working in partnership with U.S. medical schools and universities.
November 8-10, 2010—Fogarty participated in the second annual mHealth Summit, a gathering of scientists, information technology developers and policymakers organized by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health. The three-day event focused on the use of wireless technologies to improve health outcomes in the U.S. and abroad. Fogarty Director Dr. Roger I. Glass gave closing remarks at the summit and several prominent Fogarty grantees who have established mobile health projects in low-and middle-income countries presented findings and shared insights. The summit drew over 2,000 attendees, hosted 149 exhibitors and included representatives from 48 countries. View Image.
February 15, 2011—USAID Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah delivered the 2010 David E. Barmes Global Health lecture. Fogarty co-sponsors the annual event with the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research in honor of the late David E. Barmes, who was a special expert for international health at NIDCR. View Image.
February 24, 2011—Global health advocate Lord Nigel Crisp visited NIH to give a talk sponsored by Fogarty on the importance of capacity building in the developing world. Crisp, a former chief executive of the U.K. National Health Service and a member of the U.K. House of Lords, works extensively in the fields of international development and global health. View Image.
March 2011—Fogarty worked with the Embassy of Chile in Washington to coordinate the loan of five tons of scientific and laboratory equipment from NIH to numerous Chilean university research laboratories and facilities severely damaged by the 8.8 magnitude earthquake and resulting tsunami of February 27, 2010. View Image.
March 7-9, 2011—The inaugural meeting of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative was held in South Africa. The more than 230 participants included several African ministers of health, deans and faculty of the regionís leading medical schools, two U.S. ambassadors, the NIH director and numerous African and American collaborators. With funding from the U.S. Presidentís Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, known as PEPFAR, and the NIH, the program supports awards in a dozen African countries, which are being jointly administered by Fogarty and the Health Resources and Services Administration. Seventeen NIH Institutes and Centers and the Common Fund are participating in the initiative.
May 9-11, 2011—A two-day workshop organized by NIH, entitled "Health Burden of Indoor Air Pollution on Women and Children in Developing Countries," brought together research and policy experts to hammer out research priorities to reduce the health risks of cookstoves to women and children. The event was jointly arranged by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and Fogarty.
September 2011—Fogarty awarded $14.4 million to 14 research institutions to reduce the impact of the ongoing global epidemic of non-communicable diseases in developing countries. The five-year Chronic, Non-Communicable Diseases and Disorders Across the Lifespan (NCD-Lifespan) grants will help to build the ranks of experienced clinicians and researchers by establishing research training programs in more than a dozen low-and middle-income countries. A wide range of curricula and training will be developed by the NCD-Lifespan grantees, including a cancer epidemiology certificate program for Moroccan health workers, cardiovascular-related education tracks in both health service and patient-oriented research for students in Ghana, biostatistics and mentoring curricula for Nigerian trainees, interdisciplinary training in substance dependence for investigators in Thailand, workshops and summer institutes for Thai dental students, one-to-one mentoring and peer-oriented training exercises for suicide researchers in China and long-term training in behavioral conditions and the social determinants of illness for mental health trainees in India.
September 6, 2011—Fogarty International Center and the National Library of Medicine presented Lessons from the MMR scare by Fiona Godlee, Editor in Chief of the British Medical Journal, on the NIH campus. Godlee presented a discussion of the stunning investigation she published earlier in 2011 that revealed the MMR vaccine scare was based not on bad science but on deliberate fraud. View Image.
November 16-18, 2011—Fogarty Director Dr. Roger I. Glass participated in the first annual U.S.-Russia Scientific Forum in Moscow, a three-day scientific meeting with several hundred participants, organized by the Foundation for NIH. More than a dozen U.S. and multinational companies are supporting this activity, with some expressing an interest in funding training and capacity building programs in United States for Russian scientists. The Russian government has also pledged to fund research grants to advance the understanding of these critical health issues that affect both populations. View Image.
December 2011—Fogarty Director Dr. Roger I. Glass accompanied NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins on a trip to India, where they toured research sites and saw examples of cutting-edge technology, highly trained medical personnel and other global health advancements. View Image.
December 5-7, 2011—Fogarty grantees and staff members participated in the third annual mHealth Summit, a meeting that drew more than 3,000 policymakers, scientists, clinicians, mobile communications experts and business executives from 48 countries. The event brought attendees together to discuss findings, share insights and debate the future direction of the rapidly growing mobile health field.
April 2012—To help foster the next generation of global health scientists, Fogarty and its NIH partners awarded about $20.3 million over the next five years to support 400 early-career health scientists on nearly year-long research fellowships in 27 low- and middle-income countries. The Fogarty Global Health Program for Fellows and Scholars will provide five consortia of academic institutions with about $4 million each, to support the training activities of a total of 20 partner institutions, helping to build a network of U.S. academic institutions to provide early-career physicians, veterinarians, dentists and scientists with a significant mentored research experience in a developing country.
May 2012—Fogarty research fellow Gaurvika Nayyar and senior scientific advisor emeritus Dr. Joel Breman published a groundbreaking study in the Lancet Infectious Diseases journal on poor quality antimalarial drugs and the urgent threat posed to vulnerable populations by drug resistance and inadequate treatment. They study, which received extensive media coverage, included surveys from seven Southeast Asian countries and 21 sub-Saharan African countries and found that 20 to 42 percent of malaria drugs in those regions were either poor quality or fake. Breman and Nayyar also contributed to a meeting report on artemisinin-resistant malaria which appeared in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in August 2012.
May 17-19, 2012— As part of the warming of relations between U.S. and Burma, Fogarty Director Dr. Roger I. Glass traveled to Rangoon to represent the U.S. at an international science meeting and to discuss possible research collaborations with the country's health minister. In his role as lead U.S. health representative, Glass participated in the meeting of ASEAN's Committee on Science and Technology. He proposed that Fogarty and its federal partners host an influenza workshop in the region, which was met with enthusiasm. View Image July 21, 2012ó Fogarty grantees and collaborators met at NIH to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Center's AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP). The meeting coincided with the AIDS 2012 international conference held in Washington, D.C. View Image.
September 2012— To encourage much-needed innovations in global health, Fogarty awarded $8.5 million to support projects in five developing countries through the new Framework Programs for Global Health Innovation (FRAME Innovation). The five-year grants will fund multidisciplinary training and collaborations to produce ground-breaking solutions to entrenched problems such as childhood diarrhea, malaria control and maternal deaths, among others.
September 2012—Fogarty launched the Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) program, in partnership with the NIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. GEOHealth is intended to create regional hubs for collaborative research, data management, training and policy support regarding environmental and occupational health research in low- and middle-income countries. To support planning for the hubs, $3.2 million was awarded in two-year grants for activities in more than 15 countries.
October 9-12, 2012—To develop more expertise in indoor air pollution research, Fogarty's Center for Global Health Studies hosted a three-day training workshop. Faculty experts from academia, nongovernmental organizations, the NIH and other government agencies gave lectures and hands-on demonstrations of cookstoves and emissions testing to about 20 trainee scientists from the U.S. and seven developing countries. The event's partners included the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, USAID, Environmental Protection Agency and Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. View Image.
January 10, 2013—Scientists, health advocates, family and friends of the Center’s namsake, the late Rep. John Edward Fogarty, gathered in Providence, R.I. to mark the centennial of his birth. Fogarty Director Dr. Roger I. Glass spoke at the event, providing an historical perspective of Congressman Fogarty's role as a champion for NIH and for the value of medical research.
April 2013—To help developing country institutions access, adapt and integrate information and communication technology tools and resources into their education programs and research activities, Fogarty launched an innovative program, the Global Health Research and Research Training eCapacity Initiative. The eCapacity program offers support of up to $100,000 per year for as many as three years. Projects funded by eCapacity are intended to build expertise by leveraging research and education efforts already established by other Fogarty grants.
April 24, 2013—The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced a public-private partnership to help identify counterfeit or substandard anti-malarial medicines, including falsified products, with the deployment of the FDA-developed Counterfeit Detection Device, called CD-3. To verify the tool's use in a low-resource setting, researchers will conduct a pilot study in Ghana at sites established by U.S. Pharmacopeia, then will expand testing to other locations. The CDC and Fogarty will provide technical expertise and the Skoll Global Threats Fund will financially support the endeavor. View Image.
May 2013—The rotavirus research contributions of Fogarty Director Dr. Roger I. Glass were acknowledged when India’s Department of Biotechnology and Bharat Biotech announced positive results from a Phase III clinical trial of a rotavirus vaccine developed and manufactured in India. The vaccine, developed over a 25-year period of U.S.-India collaboration, has been shown to be safe, effective and affordable. Glass played a key role in the vaccine’s development, which was supported by the Indo-U.S. Vaccine Action Program, a bilateral U.S.-India program which supports a broad spectrum of activities relating to immunization.
July 5, 2013—Fogarty’s Division of International Relations provided key staff and support for World RePORT, an illustrative mapping database system designed to facilitate communication and coordination of biomedical research funded by major government agencies and philanthropic organizations around the world. The initial effort, launched by the NIH, focuses on research performed in Sub-Saharan Africa using data supplied by several funding organizations. View Image.
September 4, 2013—Fogarty Director Dr. Roger I. Glass made the case for the U.S. investing in international clinical research in a JAMA Viewpoint article titled “What the United States Has to Gain From Global Health Research.” The piece offers several strong examples of how the U.S. has already benefitted from global health research and major breakthroughs made through collaborations with other countries.
September 25, 2013—Fogarty awarded $22 million over five years for HIV/AIDS research and training activities in 15 low- and middle-income countries. Fogarty issued 22 awards, which are intended to strengthen the ability of the grantee institutions to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic, while building expertise in a particular scientific or critical research infrastructure area. Successful applicants proposed a broad range of focus topics including nutrition, mental health, co-infections and various aspects of implementation science, among others. The new program focuses on increasing capacity at the institutional level and consolidates two long-standing Fogarty programs, the AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP) and the International Implementation, Clinical, Operational and Health Services Research Training Award for AIDS TB (IICOHRTA-AIDS/TB) program.
November 2013—Synergy grew among participants in the Human Heredity and Health in Africa (H3Africa) initiative and the Fogarty-supported Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI). The expanding network of African researchers involved in both endeavors includes a number of alumni of Fogarty's research training programs. Former Fogarty grantee Dr. Christian Happi of Redeemer's University, will lead an H3Africa award to study pathogens that cause fevers in rural Africa while Dr. Clement Adebamowo, an oncologist, epidemiologist and bioethicist at the Institute of Human Virology, Abuja, Nigeria, will manage a $4 million H3Africa grant to learn more about Africa's most common carcinoma — cervical cancer — as well as the vaginal microbiome and the human papilloma virus (HPV). Adebamowo's affiliation with Fogarty began in 2004, when he attended a bioethics training course. View Image.
November 2013—After 10 years of investing in tobacco cessation projects, Fogarty conducted a review of its International Tobacco and Health Research and Capacity Building Program. The report found the program has made "significant scientific advances" in contributing to tobacco control and fueled collaborations among investigators in more than 30 countries, trained at least 3,500 individuals and contributed to the publication of over 415 scientific papers. The review also observed that "notable opportunities exist" for further achievements in the field.
December 2, 2013—Global health philanthropist Bill Gates visited NIH to deliver the annual David E. Barmes Global Health Lecture, titled "Why the Future Needs Biomedical Innovation." Gates paid tribute to the numerous flourishing partnerships between his family foundation and the NIH. He also said the two organizations are united by their common goals of improving health and understanding the root causes of disease so that effective interventions can be developed. View Image.
January 18, 1967—Rep. Melvin Laird (Wisc.) proposed that Congress establish an international research and study center at NIH as a memorial to the late Rep. John E. Fogarty (R.I.). President Lyndon B. Johnson subsequently announced that he was seeking funds to establish the John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences.
February 26, 1968—Departmental approval was given to establish the Fogarty International Center.
March 16, 1968—Official notice was published in the Federal Register.
July 1, 1968—President Lyndon Johnson issued an Executive Order establishing the John E. Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health. The NIH Office of International Research was abolished and several of its functions were transferred to FIC.
June 1979—The Task Force to Assess the Missions and Functions of the Fogarty International Center reported to the director, NIH, on its year-long study of the center, reaffirming FIC's importance as the focus for international aspects of biomedical and behavioral research at NIH, and recommending specific measures for strengthening and broadening its programs.
June 1982—FIC was designated a World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Biomedicine.
September 1985—The first meeting of the FIC Advisory Board was held.
November 1985—FIC was established in law (Public Law 99-158, sec. 482).
Biographical Sketch of Fogarty Director Roger I. Glass, M.D., Ph.D.
Dr. Glass was named Director of the Fogarty International Center and Associate Director for International Research by NIH Director Dr. Elias A. Zerhouni on March 31, 2006. Dr. Glass formally took office on June 11, 2006.
Dr. Glass graduated from Harvard College in 1967, received a Fulbright Fellowship to study at the University of Buenos Aires in 1967, and received his M.D. from Harvard Medical School and his M.P.H. from the Harvard School of Public Health in 1972. He joined the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1977 as a medical officer assigned to the Environmental Hazards Branch. He received his doctorate from the University of Goteborg, Sweden, in 1984, and joined the National Institutes of Health Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, where he worked on the molecular biology of rotavirus. In 1986, Dr. Glass returned to the CDC to become Chief of the Viral Gastroenteritis Unit at the National Center for Infectious Diseases.
Dr. Glass's research interests are in the prevention of gastroenteritis from rotaviruses and noroviruses through the application of novel scientific research. He has maintained field studies in India, Bangladesh, Brazil, Mexico, Israel, Russia, Vietnam, China, and elsewhere. His research has been targeted toward epidemiologic studies to anticipate the introduction of rotavirus vaccines. He is fluent and often lectures in 5 languages.
Dr. Glass has received numerous awards including the prestigious Charles C. Shepard Lifetime Scientific Achievement Award presented by the CDC in recognition of his 30-year career of scientific research application and leadership, and the Dr. Charles Merieux Award from the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases for his work on rotavirus vaccines in the developing world. Other honors include the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary's Award for Distinguished Service, the Outstanding Unit Citation from the National Center for Infectious Diseases, the Outstanding Service Medal from the U.S. Public Health Service, and a Commendation Medal from the U.S. Public Health Service. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine (an arm of the National Academy of Sciences), the American Academy of Microbiology, the American Society of Microbiology, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Society of Virology, and the American Epidemiological Society. Dr. Glass is also a fellow in the Infectious Disease Society and the American College of Epidemiology.
Dr. Glass has co-authored more than 400 research papers and chapters. He is married to Barbara Stoll, M.D., the George W. Brumley, Jr. Professor and Chair of the Department of Pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine and the Medical Director of the Children's Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston. He and his wife have 3 children.
|Name||In Office from||To|
|Milo D. Leavitt, Jr.||June 16, 1968||July 1978|
|Leon Jacobs||July 1, 1978||June 29, 1979|
|Edwin D. Becker (Acting)||July 1979||April 1980|
|Vida H. Beaven (Acting)||April 1980||January 1981|
|Claude Lenfant||February 1981||July 1982|
|Mark S. Beaubien (Acting)||July 1, 1982||January 1984|
|Craig K. Wallace||January 1984||December 1987|
|Carl Kupfer (Acting)||January 1, 1988||July 1988|
|Philip E. Schambra||August 1988||September 30, 1998|
|Gerald T. Keusch||October 1, 1998||December 31, 2003|
|Sharon H. Hrynkow (Acting)||January 1, 2004||May 2006|
|Roger I. Glass, M.D., Ph.D.||June 11, 2006||Present|
Research and Research Training Programs
International Training and Research Program
This program supports HIV/AIDS-related research training to strengthen the capacity of institutions in low- and middle-income countries to conduct multidisciplinary biomedical and behavioral research to address the AIDS epidemic in the collaborating country. Grants are awarded to U.S. and developing country institutions with strong HIV-related research training experience and with HIV-related research collaborations with institutions in low- and middle-income countries. These institutions, in partnership with their foreign collaborating institutions, identify health scientists, clinicians, and allied health workers from the foreign countries to participate in their joint research training programs. Individuals from foreign nations who wish to become trainees must apply to the project director of an awarded grant.
Non-Communicable Diseases and Disorders Across the Lifespan:
Fogarty International Research Training Award
This program will support collaborative research training between institutions in the U.S. and low-and middle-income countries (LMIC), defined by the World Bank classification system. The proposed institutional research training program is expected to sustainably strengthen the research capacity of the LMIC institutions, and to train in-country experts to conduct research on chronic, non-communicable diseases and disorders, with the ultimate goal of implementing evidence-based interventions relevant to their countries. Examples of the non-communicable diseases that could be addressed include, but are not limited to, cancer, cardio- and cerebrovascular disease and stroke, chronic lung disease, diabetes, mental illness, neurological, substance abuse and developmental disorders.
Fogarty HIV Research Training Program
The overall goal of the program is to strengthen the human capacity to contribute to the ability of institutions in low- and middle-income countries to conduct HIV-related research on the evolving HIV-related epidemics in their country and to compete independently for research funding. With co-funding from other NIH Institutes, Centers and Offices, Fogarty has provided 25 years of support to HIV research through two HIV research training programs: the AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP) and the International Clinical, Operations and Health Services Research Training Award for AIDS TB program (ICOHRTA AIDS TB). Fogarty has consolidated these two programs into the new Fogarty HIV Research Training Program.
International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training
This program addresses the research needs related to the growing burden of morbidity and mortality in the developing world due to trauma and injury. The program is supported by Fogarty, 7 NIH partners, the CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, the Pan American Health Organization, and the World Health Organization (WHO). It addresses training across the range of basic to applied science, the epidemiology of risk factors, acute care and survival, rehabilitation, and long-term mental health consequences.
Programs for Global Health
This initiative builds global health research capacity in the United States and abroad. Through the Framework Programs for Global Health, institutions create administrative frameworks to bring multiple schools (such as engineering, business, chemistry, biology, communication, public health, medicine, and environmental studies) together on the topic of global health and develop multidisciplinary global health curricula for undergraduates, graduates and professional school students. Each program leverages and enhances currently funded global health projects at the institution supported by NIH and other sponsors, as well as encourages new training opportunities, collaborations, and research.
Framework Programs for Global Health Innovation (FRAME Innovation)
FRAME Innovation will provide support to institutions in the U.S. and in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to build capacity within their institutions to develop broadly interdisciplinary, postdoctoral (or post-terminal degree) research training programs in global health directed towards encouraging innovation in health-related products, processes and policies. The program emphasizes hands-on, problem-solving, and collaborative approaches and allows U.S. and LMIC trainees to be trained together.
Fulbright-Fogarty Fellowships in Public Health
Fulbright-Fogarty Fellowships promote the expansion of research in public health and clinical research in resource-limited settings. Awards are for 9 months at the overseas site. They carry the benefits of Fulbright Full Grants to the country of assignment. Fogarty provides support to the research training site, as well as orientation for Fellows at NIH.
The Global Health Program for Fellows and Scholars
This program provides supportive mentorship, research opportunities and a collaborative research environment for early stage investigators from the U.S. and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), as defined by the World Bank, to enhance their global health research expertise and their careers. The Global Health Program for Fellows and Scholars is based on the success and experience of the Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars and Fellows (FICRS-F) Program.
Infectious Disease Research Training Program
This program enables institutions in the United States or in developing foreign countries to support current and future collaborative research-related training on infectious diseases that are predominately endemic in or impact upon people living in developing countries.
Global Health Research and Research Training eCapacity Initiative
The eCapacity program aims to support innovative research education programs to teach researchers at low and middle income country (LMIC) institutions the knowledge and skills necessary to incorporate Information and Communication Technology (ICT) into global health research and research training.
Training for Global Health
This initiative supports the development of informatics training programs that will contribute to global health research and informatics capacity in low- and middle-income countries in partnership with U.S. institutions.
Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Award
This program allows domestic or foreign institutions to develop graduate curricula and provide training in international bioethics related to performing research in developing countries.
International Clinical, Operational, and Health Services Research and Training Award
This program supports training to facilitate collaborative, multidisciplinary, international clinical, operational, health services, and prevention science research between U.S. institutions and those in low- and middle-income nations.
International Clinical, Operational, and Health Services Research Training Award for AIDS and Tuberculosis
This program supports research training to strengthen the capacity of institutions to conduct clinical, operational, and health services research. These institutions are located in low- and middle-income countries where AIDS, TB, or both are significant problems. In Phase I, one-year planning grants to support the development of full research training applications in Phase II are awarded to institutions in low- and middle-income countries with strong HIV- or TB-related research experience. In Phase II, grants to support a research training program are awarded to Phase I awardees and to their United States or other developed country institutional partner with whom they have strong HIV- or TB-related research collaborations. Individuals who wish to become trainees must apply to the project director of an awarded grant.
International Research Scientist Development Award (IRSDA)
The purpose of the award is to provide junior U.S. scientists with an opportunity to pursue careers in research on global health, and to prepare them for independent research careers. This award is similar to other NIH K01 career development awards, but requires grantees to spend 50% of the grant period conducting research in developing countries. Two mentors are required, one in the U.S. and the other in the developing country where research is being conducted. These awards will support three- to five-years of “protected time” for mentored research and career development experiences, leading to an independent research career focused on global health. The IRSDA supports salary and some research expenses, including international travel.
Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth)
The GEOHealth program will support paired consortium led by a LMIC institution and a U.S. institution to plan research, research training and curriculum development activities that address and inform priority national and regional environmental and occupational health policy issues. Initially the program will foster the planning for multidisciplinary GEOHealth hubs, which will lead collaborative research and training for focal environmental and occupational health issues in several core science areas, including fields such as epidemiology, biostatistics, genetics, environmental science, industrial hygiene, systems science, toxicology, behavioral science and implementation science.
Education Partnership Initiative
This program supports foreign institutions in Sub-Saharan African countries that receive PEPFAR support and their partners to develop or expand and enhance models of medical education. These models are intended to support PEPFAR’s goal of increasing the number of new health care workers by 140,000, strengthen medical education systems in the countries in which they exist, and build clinical and research capacity in Africa as part of a retention strategy for faculty of medical schools and clinical professors.
Scientist in Global Health Award
The overall objective of this program is to foster the development of outstanding independent scientists and enable them to expand their potential to make significant impact on the health related research needs of developing countries. This award provides three, four, or five years of salary and some research support. This award is similar to other NIH K02 career development awards, but requires grantees to spend 50% of the grant period conducting research in developing countries.
Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan
This program supports collaborative research and capacity building projects on brain disorders throughout life, relevant to low- and middle-income nations. Funded projects focus on neurological disorders and function (including sensory, motor, cognitive, and behavioral) and the impairment they lead to throughout life. R21 grants provide support to conduct pilot studies and to organize, plan for, prepare, and assemble an application for a more comprehensive R01 grants. R01 awards involve substantial collaboration between developed and developing country investigators and incorporate both research and capacity building.
Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases
This program funds interdisciplinary research projects that strive to elucidate the underlying ecological and biological mechanisms that govern the relationships, environmental changes, and the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases. The focus of this program is on the development of predictive models for the emergence and transmission of diseases in humans and other animals, and ultimately to facilitate the development of strategies to prevent or control them.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, as the funding agency, provides 3 types of scientific collaboration fellowships using the NIH as a nominating authority. One type of Fellowship Program allows Japanese Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists to conduct research at NIH. The other 2 types allow U.S. (and permanent resident) scientists to participate in research with scientists from developing countries.
International Research Collaboration Award (FIRCA)
This program provides funds ($32,000/year direct costs) to foster international research partnerships between NIH-supported U.S. scientists and their collaborators in countries of the developing world. The FIRCA program aims to benefit the research interests of both the U.S. and foreign collaborators while increasing research capacity at the foreign site. U.S. scientists who have an eligible NIH grant may apply as Principal Investigators. Former FIRCA foreign collaborators may also apply as Principal Investigators. All areas of biomedical, behavioral, and social science research supported by NIH are eligible FIRCA research topics.
Research Initiative Program for New Foreign Investigators (GRIP)
This initiative promotes productive re-entry of NIH-trained foreign investigators into their home countries as part of a program to enhance the scientific research infrastructure in developing countries, to stimulate research on high priority health-related issues in these countries, and to advance NIH efforts to address health issues of global import. The GRIP provides partial salaries to the foreign researcher returning home and support for research projects.
Cooperative Biodiversity Groups
This program integrates drug discovery from natural products with conservation of biodiversity and scientific and economic development in host countries. The program is jointly funded by the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Foreign Agriculture Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Tobacco and Health Research and Capacity Building Program
This program encourages transdisciplinary approaches to the international tobacco epidemic to reduce the global burden of tobacco-related illness. The program is designed to promote international cooperation between investigators in the U.S. and other high-income nation(s) pursuing research programs on tobacco control, and scientists and institutions in low- and middle-income nation(s), where tobacco consumption is a current or anticipated public health urgency.
The international relations division develops new partnerships among U.S. scientists, institutions, and counterparts abroad to advance research and training in the biomedical and behavioral sciences. The division works on behalf of Fogarty and the whole of NIH to identify opportunities for collaboration with foreign science-funding agencies, the U.S. Department of State, U.S. technical agencies, and international organizations. It forms agreements with other nations to establish research collaborations and commitments for home country support for foreign researchers returning from NIH fellowships to facilitate their successful re-entry.
Fogarty’s in-house scientists conduct research on the epidemiology and mathematical modeling of infectious diseases. Primary concentrations include cross-national studies of mortality patterns with special emphasis on influenza, vector-borne diseases, and vaccine-preventable diseases. Since 2000, these scientists, with collaborators in more than 24 countries, have produced research used to guide domestic and international policy in the development of countermeasures for potential bioterror agents and public health measures to control the spread of infectious diseases.
The policy division provides strategic guidance to Fogarty’s director on the development, analysis and evaluation of Fogarty’s programs and on international science policy issues. The division tracks activities of international funding agencies and research trends in global health. The division also advises Fogarty’s director on legislative and partnership matters and manages the Center’s involvement in the Disease Control Priorities Project.
The international training and research division administers research grants, training grants and fellowship programs at sites in more than 100 countries. Fogarty programs that build the research pipeline are anchored to peer-reviewed research grants and designed to be collaborative, long term and flexible. Nearly a quarter of Fogarty awards are made directly to robust research institutions in the developing world. The remaining grants support scientists at U.S. institutions who collaborate with colleagues abroad. About one-third of Fogarty’s grants focus on scientific discovery, and two-thirds support research training.