| Canada and U.S. Launch Collaborative Research
Programs for Circulatory and Respiratory Health
The leading federal health research agencies in Canada and the United States the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have formed a partnership to advance research of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
Three research programs are being launched collaboratively between CIHR’s Institute of Circulatory and Respiratory Health (ICRH) and NIH’s National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). The programs will address novel strategies to resuscitate heart attack and trauma patients; cellular and molecular imaging of heart, lung, and blood systems; and management of thrombotic disorders such as heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. Each program will be conducted at multiple sites in Canada and in the United States for several years, beginning in 2004.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, contributing to more than 16.6 million deaths one-third of all deaths each year. CVD is becoming increasingly prevalent in developing countries and, by 2010, CVD is expected to kill more people in developing countries than infectious disease, according to the World Health Organization.
“This unique programmatic collaboration will bring together scientists who are international leaders in their fields to unravel the complexities of circulatory and respiratory illness. I am very hopeful that this is the first of many collaborative efforts between our two institutes,” said Dr. Bruce McManus, ICRH Scientific Director. “We are also pleased to have the support of other Canadian partners in this collaboration like the Heart and Stroke Foundation. The latter partnerships are crucial for our success in advancing these North American programs.”
NHLBI Director Dr. Claude Lenfant added, “These first research initiatives reflect a cooperative spirit between our two countries, enabling us to create a synergy in our efforts to extend medical research, train new scientists, and translate research findings to practical applications.”
Other NIH components contributing support to the initiatives are the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (resuscitation consortium), and the National Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (cellular and molecular imaging). NIH is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Together, NHLBI and ICRH have launched three requests for grant applications:
- “Clinical Research Consortium to Improve Resuscitation Outcomes” will establish
a consortium of several regional centers in which investigators,
emergency medical personnel, and community leaders work cooperatively
to translate promising research into effective strategies to resuscitate
patients who experience heart attacks or life-threatening trauma
outside of the hospital. The deadline for applications is November
13, 2003; letters of intent must be received by October 16, 2003.
- “Cellular and molecular imaging of the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and hematopoietic
system” will support the development of new cellular and molecular
imaging technologies specific to cardiovascular, pulmonary, and
blood systems, which could ultimately contribute to new non-invasive
diagnostic tests and novel therapeutic approaches, including cell-based
therapies for diseases related to these systems. Grant applications
are due January 22, 2004, with letters of intent due December
22, 2003. (http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HL-04-003.html)
- “Inflammation and Thrombosis,” will support research to study
the relationship of inflammation and thrombosis (e.g., clotting)
in blood vessels and to discover ways that would improve current
methods to prevent and control blood clots, thereby improving
therapies for conditions such as heart attacks, stroke, deep vein
thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. Grant applications are due
January 22, 2004, with letters of intent due December 22, 2003.
NHLBI is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the U.S. Federal
Government's primary agency for biomedical and behavioral research.
NIH is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
NHLBI press releases, research funding announcements, and other
materials are available online on the NHLBI Web site
The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) is the Government of Canada’s
premier agency for health research. One of CIHR's 13 Institutes,
the Institute of Circulatory and Respiratory Health supports research
into causes, mechanisms, prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment,
support systems, and palliation for a wide range of conditions associated
with the heart, lung, brain (stroke), blood, blood vessels, critical
care and sleep. For further information please consult: http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca.