|NIA Expands Arts Program Aimed at Debunking Negative Aging
Gail Brooks, 74, created a Japanese floral arrangement to express her feelings
about the Vital Visionaries, an arts-based program developed by the National
Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). To
represent the older participants, she included a Harry Lauder Walking Stick,
a twisting shrub, because “like some of us, it’s gnarled but there's still plenty
of life in it. The daisies symbolize the fresh attitudes of the medical students,
and the variegated Aucuba leaves represent the mingling of the young students
and us older people.”
The mingling of young and old is at the heart of the Vital Visionaries project,
which is being expanded to help rout negative stereotypes of aging. The goal
of the program is to improve future doctors’ attitudes towards older people and
to awaken in older people awareness of their creative possibilities. It is managed
for NIA by the Society for the Arts in Healthcare, a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit
corporation that promotes the incorporation of the arts in health care.
Major medical schools and museums involved as 2006 Vital Visionaries partners
- Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and the Museum of
Modern Art in New York.
- The Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and the Mexican Fine
Arts Center Museum in Chicago.
- Washington University Medical School and the Contemporary Art Museum St.
- The University of South Florida, Florida Center for Creative Aging, in Tampa
and the Tampa Museum of Art and the Salvador Dali Museum in St. Petersburg.
- The University of Florida and the Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art in Gainesville.
In the spring and summer of 2006, the institutions will pair first-year medical
students with healthy older people for a hands-on art journey at the museums.
Before and after the four, two-hour art programs, the medical students and older
participants will be asked about their attitudes towards aging.
“The Vital Visionaries is one of those rare programs where everyone has a lot
of fun while achieving important goals,” said Judith A. Salerno, M.D., M.S.,
NIA deputy director. “Too often medical students only interact with ill and frail
older people, so they may develop a skewed perspective. A first step towards
improving care for older people is to improve how medical students see them.” In
the 2004 pilot, medical students from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine experienced
a significant improvement in their attitudes towards aging and older people.
The Vital Visionaries program is based on research that suggests medical students
who interact with older people early in their medical training develop better
attitudes towards aging. A University of Oklahoma study observed that “health
care professionals tend to believe that most older individuals are frail and
dependent and that those who are not are atypical” despite data showing that
most elders are in good health and live in the community (Marie A. Bernard, M.D.).
The Vital Visionaries program was also based on Yale University studies that
indicate older people who internalize negative stereotypes of old age suffer
greater stress on their hearts and live fewer years (Becca Levy, Ph.D.). Preliminary
results of research at the George Washington University now suggest a possible
link between arts participation and wellness in older adults (Gene D. Cohen,
This progressive program coincides with a decline in the number of physicians
who specialize in medical problems associated with aging. Today, there are about
9,000 geriatricians in the United States, but an estimated 36,000 geriatricians
will be needed by 2030 to treat the growing numbers of older people, according
to a 2004 study contracted by the Association of Directors of Geriatric Academic
“The beauty of using art as a way to communicate with my partner Elaine [Rosenbloom,
76] is that we were both new to it so we could explore it together,” said Johns
Hopkins medical student Cesar Briceno, 26. “I don’t know if I’m going to be a
geriatrician but my attitude towards geriatrics has improved tremendously.”
||A Japanese flower arrangement by Gail Brooks,
74, of Crofton, Md., symbolizes the National
Institute on Aging’s Vital Visionaries program.
[high resolution version available upon request]
Editor’s Note: The Vital Visionaries program overview and previous press release
can be viewed at:
The NIA leads the federal effort supporting and conducting research on aging
and the health and well-being of older people. For more information on health
and aging, visit the NIA website, www.nia.nih.gov or
call the NIA Information Center at 1-800-222-2225. More information about the
Society for the Arts in Healthcare can be found at www.thesah.org.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) — The Nation's Medical Research
Agency — includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of
the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is the primary Federal
agency for conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical
research, and it investigates the causes, treatments, and cures for both common
and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit http://www.nih.gov.