|NIEHS Director Celebrates One Year Anniversary: Unveils New
Strategic Plan for Environmental Health Sciences
One year into his role as the Director of the National Institute of Environmental
Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health, David A.
Schwartz, M.D., unveils a new strategic plan aimed at challenging and energizing
the scientific community to use environmental health sciences to understand the
causes of disease and to improve human health. The plan, “New Frontiers in
Environmental Sciences and Human Health” fundamentally changes the way NIEHS
approaches research. Traditionally, NIEHS has supported individual scientists
whose work focused on either basic biological responses to environmental agents
or environmental problems in public health. The new strategy emphasizes research
focused on complex human disease, and calls for inter-disciplinary teams of scientists
to investigate a broad spectrum of disease factors, including environmental agents,
genetics, age, diet, and activity levels. Recent advances in technology make
this emphasis on human health and new integrative approach possible.
“Given that almost every human disease can be caused, modified, or altered by
environmental agents, the NIEHS is in a unique position to focus on the interplay
between exposures and biological responses,” said Dr. Schwartz. “This document
builds on the strengths of the institute, but redefines our focus and maximizes
our use of new technologies like gene mapping, high throughput toxicity screening
and computer-aided imaging. This provides a framework for enhancing our ability
to respond to new challenges in biomedical research and to have an even greater
impact on human health.”
Dr. Schwartz cites the Institute’s work in the areas of genetic toxicity, inflammation,
oxidative stress, as well as its contribution to improved public health as examples
of its strengths.
The plan identifies seven major goals for NIEHS to achieve while also identifying
some of the major challenges confronting the field. The concept of enhancing “integrative
research” was identified as one of the major challenges. Another major challenge
the Institute will address is ensuring that NIEHS research focuses on diseases
known to have a strong environmental component.
The seven interrelated goals established in the new NIEHS Strategic Plan focus
around four critical elements including basic research, human health and disease,
global environmental health, and training. The goals are:
- Expand the role of clinical research in environmental health sciences.
- Use environmental toxicants to understand basic mechanisms in human biology.
- Build integrated environmental health research programs to address the crosscutting
problems in human biology and human disease.
- Improve and expand community-linked research.
- Develop sensitive markers of environmental exposure, early (pre-clinical)
biological response, and genetic susceptibility.
- Recruit and train the next generation of environmental health scientists.
- Foster the development of partnerships between the NIEHS and other NIH institutes,
national and international research agencies, academia, industry, and community
organizations to improve human health.
Each of the broad goals includes examples of necessary steps for achievement.
For example, to strengthen the institute’s role in clinical research, NIEHS will
encourage the training of more Ph.D.s and physicians to conduct and/or support
this type of integrated research.
The plan, published as a supplement to the May issue of the journal Environmental
Health Perspectives, and available online at http://www.niehs.nih.gov/external/plan2006/ is
the result of nearly a year-long process of discussions with more than 400
scientific and public leaders from academia, government, medical professions,
community advocacy groups, and the general public. It includes input from a
national web survey, active participation of 90 individuals during a two-day
Strategic Planning Forum in October, 2005, followed by discussions with members
of the NIEHS Public Interest Liaison Group, numerous opportunities for public
review and comment on draft documents, and much input from NIEHS staff and
members of the NIEHS National Advisory Environmental Health Sciences Council
Frederica Perera, Dr.PH, Professor of Environmental Health Sciences and Director
of the Colombia Center for Children’s Environmental Health at Columbia University’s
Mailman School of Public Health and Gerald Wogan, Ph.D., Underwood Prescott Professor
of Toxicology Emeritus and Professor at Chemistry Emeritus at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Chairs of the Strategic Planning Forum last Fall in
Chapel Hill, both expressed how pleased they were with the candid and thoughtful
process the NIEHS used to engage so many voices in the process.
“The process used by NIEHS to develop this plan is the kind of interdisciplinary
approach that we need to follow on a daily basis to do good science,” said Perera. “By
having toxicologists, molecular biologists, epidemiologists, environmental health
scientists, and physicians talk to one another regularly and collaborate on cutting
edge research, we will get the answers we need.”
“I wholeheartedly support the plan and the process,” said Wogan at the NAEHSC
meeting in February. “It provides a real blueprint for future progress.”
The NIEHS has already begun implementing some new programs to meet its goals
and objectives. The establishment of the Outstanding New Environmental Scientist
(ONES) http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-ES-05-005.html program,
to be awarded to at least six recipients for the first time this year will help
to bring talented new scientists to the field. The NIEHS is also planning to
develop an outpatient clinical research unit at its facility in Research Triangle
Park, North Carolina.
Another major area identified as critical is the need to develop sensitive,
quantitative markers to assess levels of environmental exposures at the individual
level. One way this will be accomplished is through the new Genes and Environment
a research effort at NIH to combine a type of genetic analysis and environmental
technology development to understand the causes of common diseases.
To ensure a more integrated approach to research, the NIEHS has developed an
Office of Translational Research and has initiated several new opportunities
in integrated research. NIEHS has recently announced the Director’s Challenge
for in-house scientists and a new research program called DISCOVER (Disease Investigation
for Specialized Clinically Oriented Ventures in Environmental Research) for scientists
outside NIEHS. Both the Director’s Challenge and the DISCOVER program are designed
to support teams of researchers focused on integrating environmental health research
with patient-oriented and population-based studies.
Another goal articulated in the plan includes fostering the development of partnerships
with other Institutes, agencies, academia, industry and community organizations.
“I am pleased to see that advocacy groups will continue to have a voice at the
NIEHS,” said Lisa M. Greenhill, Associate Executive Director for Diversity, Association
of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, and a member of the NAEHSC. “Forming
partnerships early on and sustaining those relationships with community members
will enhance the design of many of the research projects NIEHS is undertaking.”
“We see this plan as an evolving document that reflects the current collective
thinking about the direction the field of environmental sciences needs to go,” said
Dr. Schwartz. “We will continue to have open and frank discussions with members
of the public, researchers, community advocates, and practitioners as we set
priorities and take advantage of new opportunities that may come our way.”
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), a component
of the National Institutes of Health, supports research to understand the effects
of the environment on human health. For more information on environmental health
topics, please visit our website at http://www.niehs.nih.gov/.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) — The Nation's Medical Research
Agency — includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of
the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is the primary federal
agency for conducting and supporting basic, clinical and translational medical
research, and it investigates the causes, treatments, and cures for both common
and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.