| Nation's Most Comprehensive Cancer Incidence
and Mortality Report Shows Prostate Leading Newly Diagnosed Cancer
among Men; Breast Cancer Leads for Women
The most comprehensive federal report available on state-specific
cancer rates for the first time includes information on incidence
and death rates, as well as data for Hispanics and a new section
on mesothelioma and Kaposi's sarcoma. U.S. Cancer Statistics: 2001
Incidence and Mortality includes quality-assured incidence data
from 43 states, six metropolitan areas, and the District of Columbia,
covering 92 percent of the U.S. population up from the coverage
rate of 84 percent for the report issued last year. The report supplies
essential state, population, racial, ethnic and gender information
for tailored cancer prevention and control programs nationwide.
The latest report shows prostate cancer is the leading cancer diagnosed
overall in men in the United States and breast cancer is the most
common form of cancer diagnosed in U.S. women. The leading cause
of cancer death for both men and women is lung cancer.
"Having highly accurate data about which cancers most commonly
strike specific groups, such as the Hispanic population, means we
can better meet prevention, care and treatment needs. We know from
the report that breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death
for Hispanic women. Breaking out data by racial and ethnic populations,
we have a broader and more accurate view of our nation's cancer
problem, how it affects our diverse population and how to intervene
to combat this disease," said HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson.
Major findings in this year's report include:
- The District of Columbia has the highest incidence rate of prostate
cancer, and Arizona has the lowest;
- Washington State has the highest incidence rate of female breast
cancer, and Texas has the lowest.
- Utah has the lowest lung cancer incidence rate among men and
- Kentucky has the highest incidence rate of colorectal cancer
among men, and New Jersey has the highest incidence rate among
women. Utah has the lowest colorectal cancer incidence rate among
men and women.
The report also cites geographic differences in cancer mortality
- The District of Columbia has the highest prostate cancer death
rate among men; Hawaii has the lowest.
- The District of Columbia has the highest female breast cancer
death rate; South Dakota has the lowest.
- Kentucky has the highest death rate of lung cancer among men.
- West Virginia has the highest lung cancer death rate among women.
- The District of Columbia has the highest colorectal cancer death
rates among men and women; Utah had the lowest.
Collecting and reporting state data helps identify special concerns
in specific populations, such as high proportions of cervical
cancer in Hispanic and African-American women. This information
can be used to assist states to focus on appropriate cancer control
interventions to increase access to screening and care.
United States Cancer Statistics: 2001 Incidence and Mortality
marks the third time the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), in collaboration
with the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries,
have combined data to produce federal cancer statistics. The annual
report provides a basis for individual states and researchers to
describe the variability in cancer incidence and death rates across
different populations and to focus on certain populations for evidence-based
cancer control programs. Future United States Cancer Statistics
reports will include data for American Indians/Alaska Natives. The
full report is available at www.cdc.gov/cancer/