|FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Wednesday, September 25, 2002
or Irene Edwards
Fogarty International Center Announces First Awards for International Tobacco and Health Research and
Capacity Building Program
- Dr. David Brook of Mount Sinai School of Medicine will work with collaborators from the Medical Research Council of South Africa to study disease-related determinants of changes in tobacco use in South African adolescents. The study is unique in its longitudinal design, with in-depth interpersonal, cultural, and behavioral data available about South African youth. It intends to strengthen research in this area in both the United States and Africa.
- Dr. Linda Ferry, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, will work with collaborators from the National Center for Health Promotion, Cambodia; Centre of Information and Education for Health, Lao PDR; and the Adventist Development Relief Agency in Cambodia and Lao PDR. The team will conduct a transdisciplinary, competency-based Global Tobacco Control Methods certificate program to develop tobacco-control leadership skills in health professionals. Research will monitor tobacco-use prevalence and attitudes toward prevention counseling, estimate prevalence of tobacco use, and assist health professionals in designing a 5-year national research plan.
- Dr. Teh-wei Hu of the University of California, Berkeley, together with collaborators from The World Bank, the Chinese Ministry of Health, Sichuan University, and Fudan University, will build research capacity in China in the economics of tobacco control. Studies will examine the impact of an additional tobacco tax, economic costs of smoking, and cost-effectiveness of tobacco-control interventions. These results will inform policymakers in China’s provincial and central governments.
- Dr. Ebenezer Israel, University of Maryland School of Medicine, and colleagues in Cairo and Baltimore will work with collaborators from the Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population and Georgetown University to create a new smoking prevention research institute in Egypt to establish research and capacity building projects to reduce tobacco use.
- Dr. Prabhat Jha, University of Toronto, will collaborate with colleagues from three institutes in India Epidemiological Research Center, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, and Institute of Health Sciences. The project will expand India’s Sample Registration System, the primary system for collection of Indian mortality data, to obtain reliable estimates of mortality from tobacco smoking and chewing by age, gender, and socioeconomic group. The project will also build capacity within India’s surveillance system to monitor the growing tobacco epidemic, evaluate the effectiveness of control policies, and provide reliable data to policymakers.
- Dr. Gary King and colleagues at Pennsylvania State University will collaborate with three universities in Africa Cape Town University in South Africa, Universite Cheikh Anta Diop in Senegal, and University of Dar Es Salaam in Tanzania to investigate tobacco control among youths. Two Centers of Excellence will be established in Africa, regional networks of researchers will be formed, fellowships will be established, and exchanges between Centers of Excellence will be fostered for research on tobacco use among youths.
- Dr. Harry Lando and colleagues at the University of Minnesota will lead a collaborative effort with the University of Arizona, the University of Missouri, Acutha Menon Centre for Health Sciences in India, and the Gadjah Mada University in Indonesia to build tobacco research capacity and promote smoking cessation in India and Indonesia.
- Dr. Deborah Ossip-Klein, University of Rochester, will work with collaborators from the Dominican Republic to increase tobacco awareness and cessation activities in the Dominican Republic through the existing Little Intelligent Communities (LINCOS) units that offer wireless Internet access to state-of-the-art health education, agricultural science, and global economic information.
- Dr. Eliseo Perez-Stable of the University of California, San Francisco, will work with collaborators from the University of Jujuy in Argentina to further knowledge of smoking behavior of adolescents. The study will include a longitudinal school-based survey among high school youth of two ethnic groups (Kolla and European descent) in the province of Jujuy to assess the prevalence of smoking behavior, as well as the predisposing, reinforcing, and facilitating factors associated with smoking acquisition within this population.
- Dr. Cheryl Perry and colleagues at the University of Minnesota will work with collaborators in India to conduct a randomized, multi-component, community intervention trial in four cities and 56 schools in India focused on preventing the onset and reducing the prevalence of tobacco use among adolescents in grades 6 to 9. They will use an intervention system called Project HRIDAY that involves classroom-based behavioral curricula, parental education, media advocacy, peer leadership, and community linkage programs.
- Dr. Richard Peto of the Clinical Trial Service Unit in Oxford, United Kingdom, will collaborate with colleagues at the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences in Russia. The project will study death rates among approximately two million people in six large study populations in Russia. The goal is to determine to what extent tobacco is causing deaths from particular diseases and to ensure that data from these studies is available to inform future public health strategies and other research strategies.
- Dr. Ken Resnicow and colleagues at Emory University, the Medical Research Council of South Africa, the University of Natal, and the University of Cape Town will conduct a randomized trial comparing the effectiveness of two approaches to tobacco-use prevention in a multiethnic sample of South African youth in grades 5 to 7. One of the interventions will be based on a social skills/peer resistance model, the other on a Harm Minimization model. The team will also conduct a comprehensive capacity-building initiative to enhance knowledge of tobacco control among South African educators, clinicians, researchers, and policymakers.
- Dr. Jonathon Samet and colleagues at The Johns Hopkins University will collaborate with partners conducting tobacco-control research and training programs at the Chinese Academy of Medicine, the National Cancer Institute of Brazil, and the National Institute for Public Health in Mexico. These programs will focus on an intervention in China to reduce women and children’s environmental tobacco smoke exposure at home; a survey on determinants of youth smoking in Brazil; and a study of smoking-attributable deaths and diseases and the associated costs of smoking-related diseases in Mexico.
- Dr. Kenneth Ward and colleagues at the University of Memphis will work with Virginia Commonwealth University and Aleppo School of Medicine in Syria to establish a center for the study, treatment, and prevention of tobacco use in the Eastern Mediterranean region. The Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies will serve as a resource for tobacco-control efforts, including epidemiological study, clinical research, and prevention and cessation intervention development, and as a focal point for dissemination of information about tobacco-control efforts in the Eastern Mediterranean region.
FIC is the international component of the NIH. It promotes and supports scientific discovery internationally and mobilizes resources to reduce disparities in global health. FIC will commemorate its thirty-fifth anniversary in 2003 with a year-long lecture series on global health issues and a scientific symposium on May 20-21, 2003. NIH is an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Press releases, fact sheets, and other FIC-related materials are available at www.nih.gov/fic.