Complete Neanderthal Genome Sequenced – 3
>Narrator: This is NIH Health Matters. I’m Joe Balintfy. Researchers have extracted DNA from the bones of three female Neanderthals who lived some 40,000 years ago.
Mullikin: They had to make extra special care in handling the DNA, prior to sequencing it.
Narrator: Dr. Jim Mullikin with the National Human Genome Research Institute says the Neanderthal DNA samples had been altered by the eons of time they had been underground, and could be contaminated by modern human DNA.
Mullikin: We tried to remove as much of the contaminate as possible from the sequence. We got it down to below 1 percent.
Narrator: Researchers found two percent of the Neanderthal genome similar to modern humans not from Africa. For more on the Neanderthal genome, visit www.genome.gov. Health Matters is produced by the National Institutes of Health, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
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