Overweight Girls at Increased Risk for Cardiovascular Disease
Results from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Growth and Health Study suggest that overweight girls as young as 9 are at increased risk for short-term and long-term problems that increase the chances of developing cardiovascular disease.
Akinso: Results from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Growth and Health Study suggest that overweight girls as young as 9 are at increased risk for short-term and long-term problems that increase the chances of developing cardiovascular disease. More than 2,300 girls ages 9 and 10 were enrolled in the study and followed for more than 10 years. The study also provides insight into differences between African-American and Caucasian girls according to Dr. Eva Obarzanek, a NHLBI research nutritionist.
Obarzanek: First we saw that in every age the black girls had twice the rate of overweight than white girls. And also as they were getting older there were more and more girls who were overweight. So what we saw that there were new cases of overweight with each year and that rate of new cases was more during the younger years than the older years. So that was a very glaring findings. So between the ages of 9 and 12 about 2 to 5 percent of more girls were becoming overweight. After age 12 that rate of becoming overweight was down to just one to two percent per year.
Akinso: The girls who were overweight were more likely to have elevated blood pressure and cholesterol levels compared to girls who were not. Dr. Obarzanek said girls who were overweight during childhood were 11 to 30 times more likely than non-overweight girls to be obese in young adulthood. This is Wally Akinso at the National Institutes of Health Bethesda, Maryland.
About This Audio Report
Reporter: Wally Akinso
Sound Bite: Dr. Eva Obarzanek
Topic: Weight Control