NIH Research Matters
April 2012 Archive
April 30, 2012
Monkeys paralyzed from elbow to fingers were able to manipulate a ball with the help of an artificial connection between the brain and hand muscles. The technology might one day help paralysis victims regain muscle control.
Scientists identified a gene thatís been playing a pivotal role in epidemic waves of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in Asia. The finding suggests a promising target for novel therapeutics.
An experimental compound reversed certain autism-like behaviors in mice. The research may lead to a new strategy for treating autism spectrum disorders.
April 23, 2012
A new study linked 32 novel genetic regions to bone mineral density. The findings may help researchers better understand bone fracture risk. They also suggest potential drug targets for preventing or treating osteoporosis.
Researchers report that a first-line treatment for malaria is losing its effectiveness in parts of Asia. They've also found parts of the parasite's genome that may underlie its drug resistance.
Social rank has broad effects on gene regulation, particularly in the immune system, according to a new study in rhesus macaques. The findings help explain how social status gets under your skin.
April 16, 2012
New studies reveal several genes and biological pathways that may contribute to autism spectrum disorders. Among other insights, the findings may help explain earlier evidence linking autism risk to older fathers.
Fluctuations in daily summer temperatures may boost the risk of death in older people with chronic diseases, according to a new study. The finding could have important implications for the nation's aging population.
A new study gives insight into the workings of the first vaccine ever reported to modestly prevent HIV infection in people.
April 9, 2012
Researchers have identified gene variants that boost the risk for a debilitating tropical foot disease. The findings help shed light on how interactions between genes and the environment influence susceptibility to disease.
New research revealed a wiring diagram of the brain that looks like a simple checkerboard grid. The technique may give insight into the development of disorders like epilepsy, autism and schizophrenia.
A new discovery helps explain how adipose tissue (fat) affects insulin sensitivity and results in type 2 diabetes. The finding may lead to new strategies for treating the disease.
April 2, 2012
Older adults who received bypass surgery to open blocked coronary arteries had better long-term survival rates than those who had angioplasty. The new findings will help doctors and patients decide between these 2 treatments.
A new study found that programs to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes make sound economic sense.
Researchers have taken the closest-yet look at the structures of opioid receptors, which play key roles in pain relief and addiction. The findings might aid development of safer painkillers and addiction-fighting medications.
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About NIH Research Matters
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.