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NIH Research Matters

December 17, 2012

Photo of a healthy baby.

Genomic Technology Detects Fetal Problems

Two new studies show the potential of a genomic technique to help spot abnormalities in fetuses that conventional methods canít. The technology might allow better planning for early interventions and prevention of stillbirth.

Photo of an untrustworthy man in a seniorís doorway.

Brain Changes as Trust Rises With Age

Older adults are more likely than younger ones to perceive dishonest faces as trustworthy, according to a study of social judgments and brain activity. The findings may help explain why older people are more likely to fall victim to fraud.

Image of mouse heart cells with brightly colored nuclei.

Source of New Heart Cell Growth Discovered

A study in mice suggests that new heart cells arise from pre-existing heart cells and that the renewal process slows with age. The findings may lead to improved regenerative therapy for people with heart damage.

December 10, 2012

Photo of a woman with a looking over a lake as a heavy storm approaches.

Forecasting Flu Outbreaks

Scientists were able to forecast seasonal flu outbreaks using an approach common to weather prediction. The accomplishment lays the groundwork for systems to help public officials better predict and prepare for outbreaks.

Photo of a female Asian senior citizen and her granddaughter looking at a photo album.

Gene Variations Linked to Lung Cancer in Non-Smokers

Researchers identified genetic regions that predispose Asian women whoíve never smoked to lung cancer. The finding provides evidence that lung cancer between smokers and never-smokers can differ on a fundamental level.

Photo of a bearded man in his 60s lost in thought.

Old Habits Gone But Not Forgotten

A small region of the rat brain seems to control whether certain habits will continue or be replaced by new habits, according to a new study. The finding offers insights into the brain circuitry that creates and manages our habits.

December 3, 2012

Photo of women walking and talking

Little Exercise Might Lengthen Life

A little physical activity can go a long way toward extending your life, regardless of your weight, a new study found.

Confocal microscope image of a mouse embryonic salivary gland.

Gene Therapy for Salivary Gland Shows Promise

An experimental trial showed that gene therapy can be performed safely in the human salivary gland. The accomplishment may one day lead to treatments for head and neck cancer survivors who battle with chronic dry mouth.

Microscopic image shows cross-section of a nerve fiber.

Technique Selectively Represses Immune System

Researchers devised a way to successfully treat symptoms resembling multiple sclerosis in a mouse model. With further development, the technique might be used to treat multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune disorders.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 17, 2012

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