NIH Research Matters
February 2009 Archive
February 23, 2009
A new study has uncovered a molecule associated with the transformation of benign prostate tissue into metastatic prostate cancer. The discovery identifies a potentially useful indicator for the disease and suggests new targets for prostate cancer treatments.
Researchers have discovered why ozone, a common urban air pollutant, causes airway irritation and wheezing. The finding suggests new targets for medications to treat people suffering from wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath.
Scientists have discovered a lipid mediator in blood that plays a key role in maintaining the balance between the build-up and breakdown of bone. Targeting this mediator may prove useful for treating bone degenerative diseases such as osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
February 9, 2009
Astrocytes, a type of support cell in the brain, may play an important role in influencing sleep, according to a study in mice. The results suggest a new approach for developing treatments for sleep disorders.
A new study of an oft-neglected arm of the immune system may cause researchers to rethink how it helps defend the body from infection.
Scientists have discovered a novel part of the telomerase enzyme that helps it reach the ends of chromosomes, where it adds protective DNA sequences called telomeres. The finding suggests a promising new target for anti-tumor therapies.
February 2, 2009
A 2-decade decline in air pollution in dozens of U.S. cities has added an average of about 5 months to residentsí lives, according to a new study.
Reducing urinary incontinence can now be added to the long list of health benefits from weight loss, according to results from a new clinical trial.
Researchers have reversed age-related degeneration in a mouse model of aging. While the findings don't prove that natural aging could be halted or reversed, they may lead to new strategies to combat certain age-related conditions.
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About NIH Research Matters
Harrison Wein, Ph.D., Editor
Vicki Contie, Assistant Editor
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.