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NIH Research Matters

February 2011 Archive

February 28, 2011

Microscopic image of a cluster of large cancer cells among smaller cells.

Less Invasive Surgery Just as Effective for Some Breast Cancer Patients

When breast cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, many doctors believe that removing several more nodes provides better treatment. But a new study suggests otherwise. The finding may change the way early-stage breast cancer is treated in some patients.

Photo of a older woman walking briskly around a track.

Moderate Exercise May Improve Memory in Older Adults

A new study in older adults shows that brisk walking can increase the size of a brain region involved in memory formation. The finding suggests that moderate physical exercise can help protect the brain as we age.

Scanning electron microscope image showing lumps of purple spherical bacteria.

New Approach to Fighting Staph Infections

Researchers have identified a small molecule that can inhibit methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a growing public health problem. The discovery may open the door to a new class of antibiotics to combat MRSA.

February 14, 2011

Photo of a mother admiring her yawning baby.

Surgery Before Birth Improves Spina Bifida Outcomes

Surgical repair of a spinal birth defect before birth, rather than after, can improve mobility and reduce the risk of serious complications, a new study has found.

Photo of a young African-American man looking at a computer and smiling.

Preschool Program Produces Payoff

An early education program for children from low-income families generates an estimated $4 to $11 of economic benefits over a child's lifetime for every dollar spent on the program, according to a new analysis.

X-ray photo of a knee.

Rare Artery Disease Linked to Gene Variant

Scientists discovered a genetic cause for a rare disorder that leads to calcium deposits in arteries below the waist and in the joints of patients' hands and feet. Understanding the basis for this disease may one day lead to a cure.

February 7, 2011

Photo of a boy eating fast food.

Study Reveals Parkinson’s Disease Risk Genes

In the largest genome-wide association study of the disease to date, scientists have discovered that genetics play a substantial role in Parkinson's disease. The finding may one day lead to better diagnostics and therapies.

Photo of a boy eating fast food.

UV Radiation Triggers Melanoma

A protein that immune cells use to communicate with each other is involved in the development of melanoma, a new study shows. The findings suggest a new potential target for treating this aggressive skin cancer.

Photo of a boy eating fast food.

Orangutan Genome Sequenced

Researchers have decoded the orangutan genome, revealing intriguing clues about the evolution of primates, including humans.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 3, 2012

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