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NIH Research Matters

February 2014 Archive

February 24, 2014

Woman looking pensively at a white pill.

Aspirin May Reduce Ovarian Cancer Risk

A daily aspirin may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, a new study suggests. Further research will be needed to confirm the finding.

PET-CT image showing brown fat tissue in person’s neck area.

Shivering Triggers Brown Fat to Produce Heat and Burn Calories

Shivering, like exercise, triggers muscles to secrete a hormone that stimulates energy use in brown fat cells. The findings hint at new ways to alter the body’s energy balance.

Single cells trapped in a mold.

The Art and Science of Single-Cell Printing

A new method, based on traditional woodblock printing techniques, allows for convenient, precise, and fast printing of live single cells. The technique could have many potential medical uses.

February 10, 2014

Doctor with female patient.

Reducing Antibiotic Prescriptions

A unique type of poster placed in exam rooms helped reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory infections during flu season.

Electrical patterns created in the brain upon listening to a sentence.

How the Brain Sorts Out Speech Sounds

Scientists were able to pinpoint sets of neurons that responded to particular sounds when patients listened to sentences. The finding may provide clues to dyslexia, autism, and other language-related disorders.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that cause TB.

Development of Antibiotics to Treat Tuberculosis

Researchers designed and tested a class of new antibiotics to treat tuberculosis. The work represents an initial step in developing therapies to combat drug-resistant forms of the disease.

February 3, 2014

Glass of soda with a measuring tape wrapped around it.

Diet Beverages and Body Weight

Heavy adults who drink diet beverages consume more solid-food calories—particularly from snacks—than those who drink sugary beverages. The findings highlight the challenges in using diet drinks to help control weight.

Illustration of spinal cord and nerves in the body.

Vitamin D Levels Predict Multiple Sclerosis Progression

Among people with early-stage multiple sclerosis, those with higher levels of vitamin D had better outcomes during 5 years of follow-up. The vitamin could aid in early treatments.

DNA with bright spot representing a mutation

Genome Study Yields Insights Into Bladder Cancer

A genomic analysis of a major form of bladder cancer suggests potential new therapeutic targets.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

This page last reviewed on February 28, 2014

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