NIH Research Matters
June 17, 2013
A tool used to assess cardiovascular disease risk can gauge stroke risk, according to a large analysis. Even small improvements in lifestyle factors could help prevent strokes.
A smoking-cessation medication can also help lower alcohol craving and dependence. The finding may lead to another treatment option for alcohol problems.
Researchers identified brain circuits responsible for compulsive behaviors in mice. The findings could lead to new approaches for obsessive-compulsive disorder.
June 10, 2013
Adults who eat a more plant-based diet may be boosting their chance of living longer, according to a large analysis.
A new study hints that brain measurements could help to anticipate future abilities in children with autism. The approach might allow for early, personalized interventions.
Scientists discovered how a gene called BACH2 may affect the development of multiple sclerosis, asthma, Crohn's disease, celiac disease and other allergic and autoimmune diseases.
June 3, 2013
A genomic survey of the fungi living on our skin provides a framework for understanding how these microbes contribute to skin health and disease.
Insights into the neural pathway for itchiness may point to new approaches for conditions such as psoriasis, shingles and liver disease.
Researchers used nanoparticles derived from grapefruits to deliver targeted drugs to treat cancer in mice. The technique may prove to be a safe and inexpensive way to make customized therapies.
May 20, 2013
A large-scale genomic analysis found that non-inherited mutations in hundreds of genes together account for about 1 in 10 cases of severe congenital heart defects, the most common type of birth defect.
Researchers established a bacterial infection in mosquitoes that helps fight the parasites that cause malaria. These infected insects could be a significant tool for malaria control.
Researchers used 3-D printing to create functional bionic ears that receive radio signals. Using similar techniques, it may one day be possible to create bionic implants and prostheses.
May 13, 2013
New findings may help improve nutritional supplements for treating age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness nationwide.
Researchers linked an abnormal gene to both a common type of migraine and a rare sleep disorder. The discovery provides a new avenue for exploring treatment options.
A hormone called betatrophin prompts cells in the pancreas to multiply and produce more insulin. The finding, in mice, may lead to new ways to combat diabetes.
May 6, 2013
A new study suggests that genomic classification of endometrial tumors could help guide treatment strategies. The analysis also revealed novel subtypes and found similarities to other cancers.
Researchers designed star-shaped microtools that close in response to body heat to grasp tissue samples. The microgrippers could be used to retrieve tissue samples in many hard-to-reach places.
Live bacteria delivered a lethal radioactive payload to pancreatic cancer cells in mice. With further development, the approach might one day help doctors fight this deadly type of cancer in people.
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About NIH Research Matters
Harrison Wein, Ph.D., Editor
Vicki Contie, Assistant Editor
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.