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NIH Research Matters

January 2014 Archive

January 27, 2014

A grandmother helping her granddaughter slice a cucumber as her mother looks on.

Cognitive Training Shows Staying Power

Ten years after a training program ended, certain cognitive abilities were still improved in older adults. The findings suggest strategies to help older people remain independent for longer.

Illustration of patch being applied to heart tissue.

Nature-Inspired Surgical Glue Mends Hearts

Researchers developed a new tissue adhesive that is biodegradable, biocompatible, and easily manipulated. It could allow for less invasive surgeries without sutures or staples.

HIV on human lymphocytes.

Toxin Kills HIV-Infected Cells

An HIV-specific poison can kill cells in which the virus is still reproducing despite antiretroviral therapy, a study in mice showed. Such targeted therapies could become a tool to combat HIV.

January 13, 2014

Young woman driving on highway while using smart phone.

Distracted Driving Raises Crash Risk

Researchers found that distracted driving, particularly among new drivers, substantially raises the risk for car crashes and near crashes. They also found that drivers are distracted about 10% of the time.

DNA helixes in pill capsules.

Arthritis Genetics Analysis Aids Drug Discovery

An international team identified 42 new areas in the human genome associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Many are already the targets of drugs approved for other conditions.

Collage of diverse faces.

Oxytocin Affects Facial Recognition

Variation in the receptor for oxytocin, a hormone involved in social bonding, affects the ability to remember faces in families with a child who has autism. The finding points the way to a better understanding of oxytocinís role in social behavior.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on January 27, 2014

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