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NIH Research Matters

June 2013 Archive

June 24, 2013

Combined PET and MRI brain scan.

Brain Scan May Predict Best Depression Treatment

A brain imaging technique could help predict whether people with major depression will respond best to treatment with psychotherapy or a commonly prescribed drug.

Image of a mouse retina.

Improving Gene Therapy for Eye Diseases

A less invasive technique delivers genes across the retinas of mouse and monkey eyes. The method might lead to treatments for inherited diseases that cause the retina to degenerate.

The surface of an inner ear hair cell.

Insights Into Inner Ear Repair

Sound-sensitive structures in the inner ear are repaired in a 2-step process. The new findings explain a key step in the maintenance of hearing.

June 17, 2013

Older African-American man standing outdoors.

Simple Lifestyle Test May Assess Stroke Risk

A tool used to assess cardiovascular disease risk can gauge stroke risk, according to a large analysis. Even small improvements in lifestyle factors could help prevent strokes.

Young adults in a coffee house.

Anti-smoking Medication Reduces Alcohol Dependence

A smoking-cessation medication can also help lower alcohol craving and dependence. The finding may lead to another treatment option for alcohol problems.

Woman washing her hands vigorously.

Brain Circuits Involved in Compulsive Behaviors

Researchers identified brain circuits responsible for compulsive behaviors in mice. The findings could lead to new approaches for obsessive-compulsive disorder.

June 10, 2013

Happy senior couple eating salad in the kitchen.

Vegetarian Diets Linked to Lower Mortality

Adults who eat a more plant-based diet may be boosting their chance of living longer, according to a large analysis.

A toddler sitting on his mother's lap.

Brain Waves May Predict Autism Outcomes

A new study hints that brain measurements could help to anticipate future abilities in children with autism. The approach might allow for early, personalized interventions.

Human T cells stained to reveal the DNA in their nuclei.

BACH2 Helps Orchestrate the Immune Response

Scientists discovered how a gene called BACH2 may affect the development of multiple sclerosis, asthma, Crohn's disease, celiac disease and other allergic and autoimmune diseases.

June 3, 2013

Malassezia fungi.

Fungal Findings

A genomic survey of the fungi living on our skin provides a framework for understanding how these microbes contribute to skin health and disease.

Golden Retriever puppy scratching.

Scientists Discover a Dedicated Pathway for Itch

Insights into the neural pathway for itchiness may point to new approaches for conditions such as psoriasis, shingles and liver disease.

Grapefruits.

Therapeutic Nanoparticles from Grapefruit Juice

Researchers used nanoparticles derived from grapefruits to deliver targeted drugs to treat cancer in mice. The technique may prove to be a safe and inexpensive way to make customized therapies.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on June 24, 2013

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