NIH Research Matters
May 2009 Archive
May 18, 2009
Acupuncture and simulated acupuncture both improved chronic low back pain more than conventional care in a new study. The result highlights central questions about how acupuncture helps people with chronic pain.
Scientists have connected a gene that regulates the flow of potassium into and out of cells with schizophrenia. The discovery provides a new potential therapeutic target.
Scientists have developed a new fluorescent molecule that emits infrared light bright enough to be detected deep within the tissues of a living mouse. With further development, this type of molecule could aid the study of cancer, infections and other biological processes in small animals.
May 11, 2009
Researchers have analyzed genetic variation in people across Africa, helping to tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans. The results will also help uncover genes that contribute to disease in these populations.
Scientists have identified 3 genes that help breast cancer cells gain access and take root in the brain. The finding points to potential new strategies for blocking the often-deadly spread of cancer to the brain and other parts of the body.
A new finding provides evidence that autoimmunity, in which the immune system turns against the body's own tissues, may play an important role in narcolepsy.
May 4, 2009
The domesticated cow has become the first livestock mammal to have its genetic blueprint sequenced and analyzed. This major milestone in animal genetics provides new information not only about cattle biology but also about mammalian evolution.
Three genome-wide association studies have identified genetic factors that affect the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Understanding how these genetic variations affect brain development will suggest new strategies for diagnosing and treating ASD.
The longer moms breastfeed their babies, the less likely they are to have cardiovascular disease and related risk factors after their childbearing years, a new study suggests.
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About NIH Research Matters
Harrison Wein, Ph.D., Editor
Vicki Contie, Assistant Editor
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.