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NIH Research Matters

May 2012 Archive

May 23, 2012

Photo of a woman controlling a robotic arm to grasp a bottle.

Thought-Control Gives Paralyzed People Helping Hand

Paralyzed patients were able to control a robotic arm with their thoughts, a new study reports. This advance may help restore some independence and improve quality of life for people who’ve lost the use of their limbs.

Scanning electron micrograph of Staphylococcus bacteria

The Microbes of Men

A new study revealed a surprisingly diverse and stable community of microbes in the male urinary tract and on the penis. The findings will help lead to a better understanding of male reproductive and sexual health.

Photo of photovoltaic chip implanted in eye.

Technique Aims to Restore Vision

In a proof-of-principle study, researchers developed retinal implants that can potentially deliver images to surviving neurons in the eye and restore vision.

May 14, 2012

Photo of a woman sitting in a waiting room.

Test Before Incontinence Surgery Often Unnecessary

A routine bladder function test given to women before urinary incontinence surgery may be unnecessary, a new study reports.

Microscope image of a network of branched neurons with pyramid-shaped cell bodies.

Mental Replay in Learning and Memory

A study in rats suggests that the mental replay of an experience is essential for making informed decisions. The work brings researchers closer to understanding how memories are represented and used by the brain.

Illustration of chromosomes.

Chromosome Quirks Linked to Aging and Cancer

Large structural abnormalities in chromosomes become more common with age and may be linked to increased risk for cancer. The new findings offer insights into how cancer and other disorders might emerge as people get older.

May 7, 2012

Photo of two a young teenage girl.

Treating Type 2 Diabetes in Youth

A combination of 2 diabetes drugs, metformin and rosiglitazone, was more effective in treating youth with type 2 diabetes than metformin alone, according to a new study.

Photo of a senior man's eye.

Drugs Equally Effective for Age-Related Vision Loss

A comparison showed that the drugs Avastin and Lucentis lead to similar vision improvements in patients with age-related macular degeneration. Treatments given monthly were slightly more effective than when given as-needed.

Photo of a teenage girl listening to a friend in a noisy cafeteria.

Bilingual Effects in the Brain

A new study found certain brain functions that are enhanced in teens who are fluent in more than one language. The finding gives new insight into how our senses help shape our brains.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

This page last reviewed on December 3, 2012

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