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NIH Research Matters

May 2014 Archive

May 19, 2014

Shrunken tumor.

Personalized Immunotherapy Treats Epithelial Cancer

A new treatment uses a patient’s own immune system to attack tumor cells. The approach might be used to treat many common cancers.

Senior couple studying together.

Longevity Gene Linked to Better Brain Skills

People with a variant form of a lifespan-related gene also tend to have better cognitive skills than those who lack the variant, a new study reports—and helps to explain why.

Genetic sequence with multiple A-T and G-C pairs interrupted by one X-Y pair.

Expanding the Genetic Alphabet

Scientists have created the first living organism that can grow and reproduce using DNA base pairs that aren’t found in nature. The achievement is a major step toward creating novel therapeutics and nanomaterials.

May 12, 2014

Children playing ball.

Treatment Cuts Children’s Urinary Infections

A long-term antimicrobial treatment can reduce the risk of recurrent urinary tract infection by up to 80% in children with the condition vesicoureteral reflux, a new study found.

Baby looking out window.

Post-Surgery Steroids in Infants With a Rare Liver Disease

A follow-up treatment for infants receiving surgery for a life-threatening liver disease doesn’t bring significant clinical benefit and causes early side effects, according to new findings.

Heart muscle.

Stem Cell Therapy Rebuilds Heart Muscle in Primates

Scientists used human embryonic stem cells to regenerate damaged primate hearts. The strategy might one day be used to repair human hearts, but challenges still need to be overcome.

May 5, 2014

A swollen optic nerve.

Drug Helps Obese Women with Blinding Disorder

A drug used to treat glaucoma, combined with a weight loss plan, improved vision for women with a disorder called idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

Mitochondria in muscle fibers.

Mitochondrial Fusion May Explain Alcohol’s Effect on Muscle

Mitochondria in muscle form networks, fuse, and share components. The findings give insight into muscle disorders and how alcohol use can lead to muscle weakness.

Nerves firing.

Self-Tuning Neurons Promote Resilience to Stress, Depression

Enhancing brain mechanisms triggered by stress raised the resilience of mice to stress and relieved depression-like behaviors.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

This page last reviewed on June 2, 2014

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