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NIH Research Matters

September 30, 2013

Children napping in preschool.

Naps Can Help Preschool Children Learn

Classroom naps can enhance memory and support learning in preschool children, a new study showed.

Fluorescence microscope that attaches to a cell phone.

Smartphone Microscope Detects Nanoparticles and Viruses

A lightweight microscope that attaches to a cell phone can detect single nanoparticles and viruses. It might one day be used for diagnostic tests in the field.

Method Quickly Assesses Antibiotics

Researchers developed a method to quickly identify antibiotics that can treat multidrug-resistant bacteria—and reveal how these bacteria-killing medications work.

September 23, 2013

A woman and her doctor at a computer.

Patient Outcomes Improved by Pay-For-Performance

Pay incentives for clinician performance can improve cardiovascular care in small primary care clinics that use electronic health records, a new study reports.

Transmission electron micrograph of AIDS virus particles budding from an immune cell.

Vaccine Clears Away Monkey AIDS Virus

An experimental vaccine given to monkeys triggered an immune attack that wiped out all traces of an AIDS-causing virus after a year or more.

Middle-aged man.

Understanding How Testosterone Affects Men

The complex effects of testosterone depend partly on its conversion in the body to a type of estrogen, investigators found.

September 16, 2013

Senior woman playing a video game

Video Game Training Improves Cognitive Control in Older Adults

A 3-D video game improved the ability of seniors to sustain focus and multitask successfully. The results highlight the potential of the aging brain to improve certain skills.

Twin sisters, one obese and one lean.

Gut Microbes and Diet Interact to Affect Obesity

Gut microbes from lean people helped prevent mice from becoming obeseóbut only if the animals ate a healthy diet. The research could point the way to new obesity treatments.

Tumor in a mouse brain.

Technique Visualizes Brain Tumors During Surgery

A new method can distinguish tumors from normal brain tissue in living mice. With further refinement, the approach could help doctors remove brain tumors with great precision.

September 9, 2013

Female doctor checking patientís blood pressure.

Program Improves Blood Pressure Control

A large-scale program for controlling high blood pressure in a California health care system could help pave the way for improving blood pressure control in the general population.

Map showing connections of the eyes to the mouse visual cortex.

Brain Circuit Affects Visual Development

A mouse study revealed a circuit that helps dictate how the eyes connect to the brain. The findings have implications for treating amblyopia, or lazy eye.

Bacteria near neurons.

Bacteria Trigger Nerve Cells to Cause Pain

Bacteria can directly stimulate sensory neurons to produce pain and suppress inflammation. The new insights may lead to better treatments for painful bacterial infections.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 23, 2013

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