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In general, spell out one through nine. Use figures for 10 or above and whenever preceding a unit of measure or referring to ages of people, animals, events, or things.
If a unit of measure follows the numeral, use the decimal format, not fractions.
1.75 mg (NOT 1 3⁄4 mg)
2.5 kg (NOT 2 1⁄2 kg)
If the value is less than 1, insert a zero before the decimal point.
0.2 g (NOT .2 g)
Ordinals generally express ranking rather than quantity, so spell out first through ninth, and use the numeral for 10th and above. Do not use superscript for ordinals.
The fourth patient was admitted in critical condition.
The 12th patient died shortly after his arrival.
When you have a mixture of ordinals below and above nine, use numerals. This is a divergence from AP Style.
Example: The 5th and the 12th patients showed similar symptoms.
Percent, percentage, percentage points, %
Singular and plural
When the quantity is less than 1, the unit of measure is singular.
0.5 gram (NOT grams)
0.2 second (NOT seconds)
Insert a space between the numeral and the symbol, except for %, °C, °F, ° (for angles),
money symbols, fractions, and inches/feet symbols.
5 ½ years
*a space is added because CHF is the abbreviation for the Swiss Franc currency and not a symbol.
Units of measure
Abbreviated units of measure do not have a period, unless they close a sentence.
50 mg (NOT 50 mg.)
2 dL (NOT 2 dL.)
This page last reviewed on November 14, 2023