Nobel Laureates

Hundreds of scientists from around the world have received Nobel Prizes for their groundbreaking achievements in Physiology or Medicine; Chemistry; Physics; and Economic Sciences. To date, 171 scientists either at NIH or whose research is supported by NIH funds have been the sole or shared recipients of 102 Nobel Prizes. Asterisk (*) indicates individuals who have served as NIH staff scientists.

Laureates Field Year Supporting NIH Institute(s)
Katalin Karikó, Ph.D., U.S.A. and Drew Weissman, M.D., Ph.D., U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2023 NHLBI, NIAID, NIDCR, NINDS 
Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Ph.D., U.S.A. and K. Barry Sharpless, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Morten Meldal, Ph.D., Denmark) Chemistry 2022


David Card, Ph.D., U.S.A. and Joshua D. Angrist, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Guido W. Imbens, Ph.D., U.S.A.) Economic Sciences 2021 NIA, NICHD
David W.C. MacMillan, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Benjamin List, Ph.D., Germany) Chemistry 2021 NIGMS
David Julius, Ph.D., U.S.A. and Ardem Patapoutian, Ph.D., U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2021 NHLBI, NIDCR, NINDS, NIGMS
Jennifer A. Doudna, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Emmanuelle Charpentier, Ph.D, Germany) Chemistry 2020 NHGRI, NIAID, NIGMS
*Harvey J. Alter, M.D., U.S.A., and Charles M. Rice, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Michael Houghton, Ph.D., Canada) Physiology or Medicine 2020 CC, NIAID
Esther Duflo, Ph.D., U.S.A., and Michael Kremer, Ph.D. U.S.A. (Shared with Abhijit Banerjee, Ph.D., U.S.A) Economic Sciences 2019 NIA, NICHD
Gregg L. Semenza, M.D., Ph.D., U.S.A., and William G. Kaelin Jr., M.D. U.S.A. (Shared with Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, M.D., U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2019 NCI, NHLBI, NIDCR, NIDDK, NIGMS
Frances H. Arnold, Ph.D., U.S.A., and George P. Smith, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Gregory P. Winter, Ph.D., U.K.) Chemistry 2018 NCI, NIAID, NIGMS, NIMH
James P. Allison, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Tasuku Honjo, M.D., Ph.D., Japan) Physiology or Medicine 2018 NCI, NIAID
Joachim Frank, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Jacques Dubochet, Ph.D., Switzerland, and Richard Henderson, Ph.D., U.K.) Chemistry 2017 NIGMS
Jeffrey C. Hall, Ph.D., U.S.A, Michael Rosbash, Ph.D., U.S.A., and Michael W. Young, Ph.D., U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2017 NHLBI, NIA, NIDA, NIGMS, NINDS, 
Sir J. Fraser Stoddart, U.S.A. (Shared with Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Ph.D., France and Bernard L. Feringa, Ph.D., Netherlands) Chemistry 2016 NCI
Angus Deaton, U.S.A. Economic Sciences 2015 NIA
Paul Modrich, U.S.A., and Aziz Sancar, U.S.A. (shared with Tomas Lindahl, U.K.) Chemistry 2015 NCI, NIEHS, NIGMS
William E. Moerner, U.S.A. (shared with E. Betzig, U.S.A. and S.W. Hell, Germany) Chemistry 2014 NCRR,NHGRI, NIGMS, 
Martin Karplus, U.S.A. & France, Michael Levitt, U.S.A., and Arieh Warshel, U.S.A. Chemistry 2013 NCI, NEI, NIGMS 
James E. Rothman, U.S.A., Randy W. Schekman, U.S.A., and Thomas C. Südhof, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2013 NCI, NHGRI, NHLBI, NIAMS, NIDDK, NIGMS, NIMH, NINDS 
Robert J. Lefkowitz, U.S.A., and Brian K. Kobilka, U.S.A. Chemistry 2012 NHLBI, NIDA, NIGMS, NINDS
Bruce A. Beutler, U.S.A., Jules A. Hoffmann, U.S.A., and Ralph M. Steinman, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2011 NCI, NIAID, NIDDK, NIGMS
Ei-ichi Negishi, U.S.A. (shared with R. F. Heck, U.S.A. and A. Suzuki, Japan) Chemistry 2010 NIGMS
Thomas A. Steitz, U.S.A., Ada E. Yonath, Israel, and Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, U.K. Chemistry 2009  NCRR, NIAID, NIGMS 
Elizabeth H. Blackburn, U.S.A., Carol W. Greider, U.S.A., and Jack W. Szostak, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2009 NCI,  NIA, NIDCR, NIGMS, 
Martin Chalfie, U.S.A., Roger Y. Tsien, U.S.A., and Osamu Shimomura, U.S.A. Chemistry 2008 NIA, NEI, NIAID, NIGMS, NINDS 
Mario R. Capecchi, U.S.A., and Oliver Smithies, U.S.A. (shared with M. J. Evans, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2007 NCI, NHLBI, NICHD, NIDDK, NIGMS
Roger D. Kornberg, U.S.A. Chemistry 2006 NCI, NIAID, NIGMS
Andrew Z. Fire, U.S.A., and Craig C. Mello, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2006 NICHD, NIGMS
Robert H. Grubbs, U.S.A., and Richard R. Schrock, U.S.A. (shared with Y. Chauvin, France) Chemistry 2005 NIGMS
Richard Axel, U.S.A., and Linda B. Buck, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2004 NCI, NIAID, NIDCD, NIDDK, NIMH, NINDS
Irwin A. Rose, U.S.A., and Avram Hershko, Israel (shared with A. Ciechanover, Israel) Chemistry 2004 NCI, NIAAA, NIAMS,  NIDDK, NIGMS
Roderick MacKinnon, U.S.A., and Peter Agre, U.S.A. Chemistry 2003 NCRR,NEI, NHLBI, NIAAA, NIDDK, NIGMS,  NINDS 
Paul C. Lauterbur, U.S.A. (shared with P. Mansfield, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2003 NCRR, NCI, NHLBI, NIGMS, NIMH
John B. Fenn, U.S.A. (shared with K. Tanaka, Japan and K. Wüthrich, Switzerland) Chemistry 2002 NIGMS
H. Robert Horvitz, U.S.A. (shared with S. Brenner, U.S.A. and J.E. Sulston, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2002 NCI, NICHD, NIGMS 
Leland H. Hartwell, U.S.A. (shared with P.M. Nurse and R.T. Hunt, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2001 NCI, NCRR, NIGMS
K. Barry Sharpless, U.S.A. (shared with W.S. Knowles, U.S.A. and R. Noyori, Japan) Chemistry 2001 NHLBI, NIGMS
Paul Greengard, U.S.A., and Eric R. Kandel, U.S.A. (shared with A. Carlsson, Sweden) Physiology or Medicine 2000 NCRR, NHLBI, NIA, NIAAA, NIAMS, NIDA, NIGMS, NIMH, NINDS
James J. Heckman, U.S.A. and Daniel L. McFadden Economic Sciences 2000 NIA, NICHD, NIMH
Günter Blobel, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1999 NCI, NIGMS 
Robert Furchgott, U.S.A., Louis Ignarro, U.S.A., and Ferid Murad, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1998 NHLBI, NIAMS, NICHD, NIDDK, NIGMS, NINDS
Paul D. Boyer, U.S.A. and Jens C. Skou, Denmark Chemistry 1997 NIDDK, NIGMS, NINDS
Stanley B. Prusiner, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1997 NCRR, NIA, NIGMS, NINDS
Peter C. Doherty, U.S.A., and Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Switzerland Physiology or Medicine 1996 NIAID
Edward B. Lewis, U.S.A., and Eric F. Wieschaus, U.S.A. (shared with C. Nusslein-Volhard, Germany) Physiology or Medicine 1995 NICHD, NIGMS
Alfred G. Gilman, U.S.A., and *Martin Rodbell, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1994 NIEHS, NIDDK, NIGMS, NINDS
George A. Olah, U.S.A. Chemistry 1994 NCI, NIGMS
Phillip A. Sharp, U.S.A., and Richard Roberts, U.K. Physiology or Medicine 1993 NCI, NCRR, NHGRI, NIAID, NIGMS, NLM 
Robert W. Fogel, Ph.D. Economic Sciences 1993 NIA
Kary B. Mullis, U.S.A., and Michael Smith, Canada Chemistry 1993 NHBLI, NIAID, NIGMS
Edwin G. Krebs, U.S.A., and Edmond H. Fischer, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1992  NIAMS, NIDDK, NIGMS
Gary Becker, U.S.A. Economic Sciences 1992 NICHD
Elias J. Corey, U.S.A. Chemistry 1990 NCI, NCRR, NHLBI, NIAID, NIGMS
E. Donnall Thomas, U.S.A., and Joseph E. Murray, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1990 NCI, NHLBI, NIAID, NIDDK
Sidney Altman, U.S.A., and Thomas Cech, U.S.A. Chemistry 1989 NCI, NICHD, NIGMS 
J. Michael Bishop, U.S.A, and Harold E. Varmus, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1989 NCI, NIAID
Susumu Tonegawa, Japan Physiology or Medicine 1987 NIAID
Donald J. Cram, U.S.A. (shared with C.J. Pedersen, U.S.A., and J.-M Lehn, France) Chemistry 1987 NIGMS
Stanley Cohen, U.S.A., and Rita Levi-Montalcini, U.S.A./Italy Physiology or Medicine 1986 NICHD, NIGMS, NIMH, NINDS
Herbert A. Hauptman, U.S.A. (shared with J. Karle, U.S.A.) Chemistry 1985 DRR, NIDDK, NHLBI, NIGMS
Michael S. Brown, U.S.A., and Joseph L. Goldstein, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1985 DRR, NHLBI, NIGMS
R. Bruce Merrifield, U.S.A. Chemistry 1984 NIDDK
Henry Taube, U.S.A. Chemistry 1983 NIGMS
Sune Bergstrom, Sweden, and John R. Vane, U.K. (shared with B. Samuelsson, Sweden) Physiology or Medicine 1982 DRG, NHLBI, NICHD, NIGMS, NIMH, NLM 
Aaron Klug, U.K. Chemistry 1982 NIAID
Roald Hoffmann, U.S.A. (shared with K. Fukui, Japan) Chemistry 1981 NIGMS
David H. Hubel, U.S.A., and Torsten N. Wiesel, U.S.A./Sweden (shared with R. W. Sperry, U.S.A.) Physiology or Medicine 1981 DRR, NEI, NIGMS, NINDS 
Paul Berg, U.S.A., and Walter Gilbert, U.S.A. (shared with F. Sanger, U.K.) Chemistry 1980 NCI, NIDDK, NIGMS  
Baruj Benacerraf, U.S.A., George D. Snell, U.S.A., and Jean Dausset, France Physiology or Medicine 1980 NCI, NIAID 
Herbert C. Brown, U.S.A. (shared with G. Wittig, W. Germany) Chemistry 1979 NIGMS
Hamilton O. Smith, U.S.A., and Daniel Nathans, U.S.A. (shared with W. Arber, Switzerland) Physiology or Medicine 1978 NCI, NIAID, NIGMS 
Roger C. L. Guillemin, U.S.A., and Andrew V. Schally, U.S.A. (shared with R. S. Yalow, U.S.A.) Physiology or Medicine 1977 DRR, NICHD, NIDDK, NIGMS
*D. Carleton Gajdusek, U.S.A., and Baruch S. Blumberg, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1976 NCI, NHLBI, NINDS, 
William N. Lipscomb, U.S.A Chemistry 1976 DRG, NIGMS 
David Baltimore, U.S.A., Renato Dulbecco, U.S.A., and Howard M. Temin, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1975 NCI, NIAID 
Albert Claude, Belgium, George E. Palade, U.S.A., and Christian de Duve, Belgium Physiology or Medicine 1974 NCI, NHLBI, NIA, NICHD, NIGMS 
Gerald M. Edelman, U.S.A. and Rodney R. Porter, U.K. Physiology or Medicine 1972 NIAID, NICHD, NIDDK 
*Christian B. Anfinsen, U.S.A., Stanford Moore, U.S.A., and William H. Stein, U.S.A. Chemistry 1972 NHLBI, NIDDK, NIGMS, NINDS
Earl W. Sutherland, Jr., U.S.A Physiology or Medicine 1971 NHLBI, NIDDK, NIGMS 
*Julius Axelrod, U.S.A., and Ulf von Euler, Sweden (shared with B. Katz, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 1970 NHLBI, NIMH, NINDS
Luis Leloir, Argentina Chemistry 1970 NIAID, NIGMS 
Max Delbruck, U.S.A., Alfred D. Hershey, U.S.A., and Salvador Luria, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1969 NCI, NIAID,  NICHD, NIGMS 
Robert W. Holley, U.S.A., H. Gobind Khorana, U.S.A., and *Marshall W. Nirenberg, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1968 NCI, NHLBI, NIAID, NIGMS 
Lars Onsager, U.S.A. Chemistry 1968 NIGMS
Haldan K. Hartline, U.S.A., and George Wald, U.S.A. (shared with R. Granit, Sweden) Physiology or Medicine 1967 NEI, NINDS 
Charles B. Huggins, U.S.A. (shared with P. Rous, U.S.A.) Physiology or Medicine 1966 NCI, NIDDK, NIGMS
Jacques L. Monod, France (shared with F. Jacob and A. Lwoff, France) Physiology or Medicine 1965 NIAID
Robert B. Woodward, U.S.A. Chemistry 1965 DRG, NHLBI, NIDDK, NIGMS 
Konrad Bloch, U.S.A. (shared with F. Lynen, Germany) Physiology or Medicine 1964 DRG, NHLBI, NIGMS 
James D. Watson, U.S.A. (shared with F. H. C. Crick and M. H. F. Wilkins, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 1962 DRR, NCI, NIAID, NIDDK, NIGMS 
John C. Kendrew, U.K. (shared with M. F. Perutz, U.K.) Chemistry 1962 NIDDK
Melvin Calvin, U.S.A. Chemistry 1961 DRG, NCI
Peter B. Medawar, U.K. (shared with F. M. Burnet, Australia) Physiology or Medicine 1960 NIAID
Arthur Kornberg, U.S.A., and Severo Ochoa, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1959 DRG, NCI, NIA, NIAID, NIDDK, NIGMS 
George W. Beadle, U.S.A., Joshua Lederberg, U.S.A., and Edward L. Tatum, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1958 DRR, NCI, NHLBI, NIAID, NICHD, NIGMS, NINDS 
Dickinson W. Richards, Jr., U.S.A. (shared with A. Cournand, U.S.A., and W. Forssmann, Germany) Physiology or Medicine 1956 NCI, NHLBI, NIDDK, NIGMS
Vincent du Vigneaud, U.S.A. Chemistry 1955 DRG, NCI, NHLBI, NIGMS
Thomas H. Weller, U.S.A. (shared with J. F. Enders and F. C. Robbins, U.S.A.) Physiology or Medicine 1954 NIAID, NIGMS
Linus C. Pauling, U.S.A. Chemistry 1954 DRG, NCI, NHLBI, NIAID, NIGMS
Fritz A. Lipmann, U.S.A. (shared with H. A. Krebs, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 1953 NCI, NIGMS 
Philip S. Hench, U.S.A. (shared with E. C. Kendall, U.S.A., and T. Reichstein, Switzerland) Physiology or Medicine 1950 NIGMS
E. O. Lawrence, U.S.A. Physics 1939 NCI

This page last reviewed on October 2, 2023