Nobel Laureates

Dozens of NIH-supported scientists from around the world have received Nobel Prizes for their groundbreaking achievements in Physiology or Medicine; Chemistry; Physics; and Economic Sciences. To date, 163 NIH supported researchers have been sole or shared recipients of 96 Nobel Prizes. Among these are individuals who have served as NIH staff scientists.

Laureates Field Year Supporting NIH Institute(s)
Jennifer A. Doudna, Ph.D, U.S.A. (Shared with Emmanuelle Charpentier, Ph.D, Germany) Chemistry 2020 NIGMS, NIAID, NHGRI
Harvey J. Alter, M.D., U.S.A., and Charles M. Rice, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Michael Houghton, Ph.D., Canada) Physiology or Medicine 2020 CC, NIAID
Esther Duflo, Ph.D., U.S.A., and Michael Kremer, Ph.D. U.S.A. (Shared with Abhijit Banerjee, Ph.D., U.S.A) Economic Sciences 2019 NIA, NICHD
Gregg L. Semenza, M.D., Ph.D., U.S.A., and William G. Kaelin Jr., M.D. U.S.A. (Shared with Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, M.D., U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2019 NCI, NHLBI, NIDDK, NIDCR, NIGMS
Frances H. Arnold, Ph.D., U.S.A., and George P. Smith, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Gregory P. Winter, Ph.D., U.K.) Chemistry 2018 NCI, NIAID, NIGMS, NIMH
James P. Allison, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Tasuku Honjo, M.D., Ph.D., Japan) Physiology or Medicine 2018 NCI, NIAID
Joachim Frank, Ph.D., U.S.A. (Shared with Jacques Dubochet, Ph.D., Switzerland, and Richard Henderson, Ph.D., U.K.) Chemistry 2017 NIGMS
Jeffrey C. Hall, Ph.D., U.S.A, Michael Rosbash, Ph.D., U.S.A., and Michael W. Young, Ph.D., U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2017 NIGMS, NINDS, NIA, NIDA, NHLBI
Sir J. Fraser Stoddart, U.S.A. (Shared with Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Ph.D., France and Bernard L. Feringa, Ph.D., Netherlands) Chemistry 2016 NCI
Angus Deaton, U.S.A. Economic Sciences 2015 NIA
Paul Modrich, U.S.A., and Aziz Sancar, U.S.A. (shared with Tomas Lindahl, U.K.) Chemistry 2015 NHGRI
William E. Moerner, U.S.A. (shared with E. Betzig, U.S.A. and S.W. Hell, Germany) Chemistry 2014 NIGMS, NHGRI, NCRR
Martin Karplus, U.S.A. & France, Michael Levitt, U.S.A., and Arieh Warshel, U.S.A. Chemistry 2013 NEI, NIGMS, NCI
James E. Rothman, U.S.A., Randy W. Schekman, U.S.A., and Thomas C. Südhof, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2013 NIGMS, NIAMS, NIDDK, NCI, NHGRI, NIMH, NINDS, NHLBI
Robert J. Lefkowitz, U.S.A., and Brian K. Kobilka, U.S.A. Chemistry 2012 NHLBI, NINDS, NIGMS, NIDA
Bruce A. Beutler, U.S.A., Jules A. Hoffmann, U.S.A., and Ralph M. Steinman, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2011 NIAID, NIDDK, NIGMS, NCI
Ei-ichi Negishi, U.S.A. (shared with R. F. Heck, U.S.A. and A. Suzuki, Japan) Chemistry 2010 NIGMS
Thomas A. Steitz, U.S.A., Ada E. Yonath, Israel, and Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, U.K. Chemistry 2009 NIGMS, NIAID, NCRR
Elizabeth H. Blackburn, U.S.A., Carol W. Greider, U.S.A., and Jack W. Szostak, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2009 NIGMS, NCI, NIDCR, NIA
Martin Chalfie, U.S.A., Roger Y. Tsien, U.S.A., and Osamu Shimomura, U.S.A. Chemistry 2008 NIGMS, NINDS, NIAID, NIA, NEI
Mario R. Capecchi, U.S.A., and Oliver Smithies, U.S.A. (shared with M. J. Evans, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2007 NIGMS, NHLBI, NIDDK, NCI, NICHD
Roger D. Kornberg, U.S.A. Chemistry 2006 NIGMS, NIAID, NCI
Andrew Z. Fire, U.S.A., and Craig C. Mello, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2006 NIGMS, NICHD
Robert H. Grubbs, U.S.A., and Richard R. Schrock, U.S.A. (shared with Y. Chauvin, France) Chemistry 2005 NIGMS
Richard Axel, U.S.A., and Linda B. Buck, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 2004 NIDCD, NCI, NIAID, NIMH, NINDS, NIDDK
Irwin A. Rose, U.S.A., and Avram Hershko, Israel (shared with A. Ciechanover, Israel) Chemistry 2004 NIAMS, NCI, NIAAA, NIGMS, NIDDK
Roderick MacKinnon, U.S.A., and Peter Agre, U.S.A. Chemistry 2003 NHLBI, NEI, NIAAA, NIGMS, NCRR, NINDS, NIDDK
Paul C. Lauterbur, U.S.A. (shared with P. Mansfield, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2003 NCRR, NCI, NHLBI, NIGMS, NIMH
John B. Fenn, U.S.A. (shared with K. Tanaka, Japan and K. Wüthrich, Switzerland) Chemistry 2002 NIGMS
H. Robert Horvitz, U.S.A. (shared with S. Brenner, U.S.A. and J.E. Sulston, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2002 NIGMS, NCI, NICHD
Leland H. Hartwell, U.S.A. (shared with P.M. Nurse and R.T. Hunt, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 2001 NIGMS, NCI, NCRR
K. Barry Sharpless, U.S.A. (shared with W.S. Knowles, U.S.A. and R. Noyori, Japan) Chemistry 2001 NIGMS, NHLBI
Paul Greengard, U.S.A., and Eric R. Kandel, U.S.A. (shared with A. Carlsson, Sweden) Physiology or Medicine 2000 NIMH, NIA, NIDA, NIGMS, NINDS, NIAAA, NHLBI, NIAMS, NCRR
James J. Heckman, U.S.A. and Daniel L. McFadden Economic Sciences 2000 NIA, NICHD, NIMH
Günter Blobel, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1999 NIGMS, NCI
Robert Furchgott, U.S.A., Louis Ignarro, U.S.A., and Ferid Murad, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1998 NIAMS, NICHD, NIDDK, NIGMS, NHLBI, NINDS
Paul D. Boyer, U.S.A. and Jens C. Skou, Denmark Chemistry 1997 NIGMS, NIDDK, NINDS
Stanley B. Prusiner, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1997 NINDS, NIA, NCRR, NIGMS
Peter C. Doherty, U.S.A., and Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Switzerland Physiology or Medicine 1996 NIAID
Edward B. Lewis, U.S.A., and Eric F. Wieschaus, U.S.A. (shared with C. Nusslein-Volhard, Germany) Physiology or Medicine 1995 NICHD, NIGMS
Alfred G. Gilman, U.S.A., and Martin Rodbell, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1994 NIEHS, NIDDK, NIGMS, NINDS
George A. Olah, U.S.A. Chemistry 1994 NCI, NIGMS
Phillip A. Sharp, U.S.A., and Richard Roberts, U.K. Physiology or Medicine 1993 NIGMS, NCI, NIAID, NCRR, NLM, NCHGR
Robert W. Fogel, Ph.D. Economic Sciences 1993 NIA
Kary B. Mullis, U.S.A., and Michael Smith, Canada Chemistry 1993 NHBLI, NIAID, NIGMS
Edwin G. Krebs, U.S.A., and Edmond H. Fischer, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1992 NIDDK, NIGMS, NIAMS
Gary Becker, U.S.A. Economic Sciences 1992 NICHD
Elias J. Corey, U.S.A. Chemistry 1990 NIGMS, NCRR, NCI, NHLBI, NIAID
E. Donnall Thomas, U.S.A., and Joseph E. Murray, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1990 NIAID, NCI, NHLBI, NIAID, NIDDK
Sidney Altman, U.S.A., and Thomas Cech, U.S.A. Chemistry 1989 NCI, NIGMS, NICHD
J. Michael Bishop, U.S.A, and Harold E. Varmus, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1989 NCI, NIAID
Susumu Tonegawa, Japan Physiology or Medicine 1987 NIAID
Donald J. Cram, U.S.A. (shared with C.J. Pedersen, U.S.A., and J.-M Lehn, France) Chemistry 1987 NIGMS
Stanley Cohen, U.S.A., and Rita Levi-Montalcini, U.S.A./Italy Physiology or Medicine 1986 NICHD, NIGMS, NIMH, NINDS
Herbert A. Hauptman, U.S.A. (shared with J. Karle, U.S.A.) Chemistry 1985 NIGMS, NIADDK, NHLBI, DRR
Michael S. Brown, U.S.A., and Joseph L. Goldstein, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1985 NHLBI, NIGMS, DRR
R. Bruce Merrifield, U.S.A. Chemistry 1984 NIDDK
Henry Taube, U.S.A. Chemistry 1983 NIGMS
Sune Bergstrom, Sweden, and John R. Vane, U.K. (shared with B. Samuelsson, Sweden) Physiology or Medicine 1982 NHLBI, NLM, NICHD, DRG, NIGMS, NIMH
Aaron Klug, U.K. Chemistry 1982 NIAID
Roald Hoffmann, U.S.A. (shared with K. Fukui, Japan) Chemistry 1981 NIGMS
David H. Hubel, U.S.A., and Torsten N. Wiesel, U.S.A./Sweden (shared with R. W. Sperry, U.S.A.) Physiology or Medicine 1981 NEI, NIGMS, NINDS, DRR
Paul Berg, U.S.A., and Walter Gilbert, U.S.A. (shared with F. Sanger, U.K.) Chemistry 1980 NIGMS, NCI, NIDDK
Baruj Benacerraf, U.S.A., George D. Snell, U.S.A., and Jean Dausset, France Physiology or Medicine 1980 NIAID, NCI
Herbert C. Brown, U.S.A. (shared with G. Wittig, W. Germany) Chemistry 1979 NIGMS
Hamilton O. Smith, U.S.A., and Daniel Nathans, U.S.A. (shared with W. Arber, Switzerland) Physiology or Medicine 1978 NIGMS, NIAID, NCI
Roger C. L. Guillemin, U.S.A., and Andrew V. Schally, U.S.A. (shared with R. S. Yalow, U.S.A.) Physiology or Medicine 1977 NIDDK, NICHD, DRR, NIGMS
D. Carleton Gajdusek, U.S.A., and Baruch S. Blumberg, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1976 NINDS, NHLBI, NCI
William N. Lipscomb, U.S.A Chemistry 1976 NIGMS, DRG
David Baltimore, U.S.A., Renato Dulbecco, U.S.A., and Howard M. Temin, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1975 NIAID, NCI
Albert Claude, Belgium, George E. Palade, U.S.A., and Christian de Duve, Belgium Physiology or Medicine 1974 NCI, NHLBI, NICHD, NIGMS, NHLBI, NIA
Gerald M. Edelman, U.S.A. and Rodney R. Porter, U.K. Physiology or Medicine 1972 NIAID, NIDDK, NIAID, NICHD
Christian B. Anfinsen, U.S.A., Stanford Moore, U.S.A., and William H. Stein, U.S.A. Chemistry 1972 NHLBI, NIDDK, NIGMS, NINDS
Earl W. Sutherland, Jr., U.S.A Physiology or Medicine 1971 NIGMS, NHLBI, NIDDK
Julius Axelrod, U.S.A., and Ulf von Euler, Sweden (shared with B. Katz, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 1970 NHLBI, NIMH, NINDS
Luis Leloir, Argentina Chemistry 1970 NIGMS, NIAID
Max Delbruck, U.S.A., Alfred D. Hershey, U.S.A., and Salvador Luria, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1969 NIAID, NIGMS, NCI, NICHD
Robert W. Holley, U.S.A., H. Gobind Khorana, U.S.A., and Marshall W. Nirenberg, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1968 NIGMS, NCI, NIAID, NHLBI
Lars Onsager, U.S.A. Chemistry 1968 NIGMS
Haldan K. Hartline, U.S.A., and George Wald, U.S.A. (shared with R. Granit, Sweden) Physiology or Medicine 1967 NINDS, NEI
Charles B. Huggins, U.S.A. (shared with P. Rous, U.S.A.) Physiology or Medicine 1966 NCI, NIDDK, NIGMS
Jacques L. Monod, France (shared with F. Jacob and A. Lwoff, France) Physiology or Medicine 1965 NIAID
Robert B. Woodward, U.S.A. Chemistry 1965 NIGMS, NHLBI, DRG, NIDDK
Konrad Bloch, U.S.A. (shared with F. Lynen, Germany) Physiology or Medicine 1964 NIGMS, NHLBI, DRG
James D. Watson, U.S.A. (shared with F. H. C. Crick and M. H. F. Wilkins, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 1962 NIGMS, NIDDK, NCI, DRR, NIAID
John C. Kendrew, U.K. (shared with M. F. Perutz, U.K.) Chemistry 1962 NIDDK
Melvin Calvin, U.S.A. Chemistry 1961 DRG, NCI
Peter B. Medawar, U.K. (shared with F. M. Burnet, Australia) Physiology or Medicine 1960 NIAID
Arthur Kornberg, U.S.A., and Severo Ochoa, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1959 NIGMS, NIAID, NCI, NIDDK, NIA, DRG
George W. Beadle, U.S.A., Joshua Lederberg, U.S.A., and Edward L. Tatum, U.S.A. Physiology or Medicine 1958 NIGMS, NHLBI, NIAID, NINDS, NICHD, DRR, NCI
Dickinson W. Richards, Jr., U.S.A. (shared with A. Cournand, U.S.A., and W. Forssmann, Germany) Physiology or Medicine 1956 NIDDK, NCI, NHLBI, NIGMS
Vincent du Vigneaud, U.S.A. Chemistry 1955 NHLBI, NCI, NIGMS, DRG
Thomas H. Weller, U.S.A. (shared with J. F. Enders and F. C. Robbins, U.S.A.) Physiology or Medicine 1954 NIAID, NIGMS
Linus C. Pauling, U.S.A. Chemistry 1954 NIGMS, NHLBI, DRG, NIAID, NCI
Fritz A. Lipmann, U.S.A. (shared with H. A. Krebs, U.K.) Physiology or Medicine 1953 NIGMS, NCI
Philip S. Hench, U.S.A. (shared with E. C. Kendall, U.S.A., and T. Reichstein, Switzerland) Physiology or Medicine 1950 NIGMS
E. O. Lawrence, U.S.A. Physics 1939 NCI

This page last reviewed on October 8, 2020