Program Components

NIH has established the essential components of the ECHO Program to support multiple, synergistic longitudinal studies of mothers and their children. The ECHO program continues to extend and expand existing cohort studies to determine the factors that influence health outcomes in children, from conception to early childhood. Research focuses on five pediatric areas that have a public health impact:

  • Pre-, peri-, and postnatal
  • Upper and lower airway
  • Obesity
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Positive Health

This page last reviewed on January 4, 2022